|INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE "DIALOG BETWEEN
CULTURES AND CIVILIZATIONS:
PRESENT STATE AND PERSPECTIVES OF NOMADISM
IN A GLOBALIZING WORLD"AUGUST 9-14, 2004
ULAANBATAR / MONGOLIA... More
|Sharon's son ordered to hand over documents Ruling
comes day after prosecutor recommends indictment
March 29, 2004
JERUSALEM (CNN) -- The Israel Supreme Court ruled Monday that Prime
Minister Ariel Sharon's son must hand over documents related to an
ongoing corruption investigation. More
|French lawyer says he will defend Saddam
March 28, 2004
(CNN) -- A French attorney who has represented other notorious figures
said Sunday that he will defend ousted Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein
in any future trial.
Aide: Rumsfeld Urged Iraq Attack Sooner
By TED BRIDIS, Associated Press Writer WASHINGTON - Defense Secretary
Donald Rumsfeld almost immediately urged President Bush (news -
web sites) to consider bombing Iraq after the Sept. 11, 2001. More
|Judicial socializing stirs ethics questions
March 19, 2004
WASHINGTON (AP) -- Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia says he and
his colleagues have every right to mingle with other Washington power-brokers
and give speeches without having their integrity questioned. More
|Mongolian Summer School
PROGRAM INFO.- Mongolian Summer School, Ulaanbaatar, July 1 - Aug.
The next Summer School for Young Mongolists will be held in Ulaanbaatar
July 1 to August 1, 2004.
|Wash., Pa. Men to Share Sniper Award Associated Press
ROCKVILLE, Md. - Two men will share a $500,000 reward for providing
information that led to the arrests of the Washington-area snipers
nearly two years ago, officials said Saturday. More
|WORLD: Poland 'Misled' on Iraq, President Says
By MONIKA SCISLOWSKA, Associated Press Writer
WARSAW, Poland - Poland's president, a key Washington ally in Europe,
said Thursday his country was "misled" about the threat
of Saddam Hussein (news - web sites)'s weapons of mass destruction.
|Utah eliminates firing squad executions
March 17, 2004
SALT LAKE CITY, Utah (AP) -- Gov. Olene Walker has done away with
firing squads in Utah, leaving injection as the only method for executing
condemned killers.The Utah Legislature passed the measure late last
month, and Walker had said she intended to sign it. She did so Monday
|WORLD: S. Korea votes to impeach Roh
March 12, 2004 cnn.com
SEOUL, South Korea -- South Korea's National Assembly has voted overwhelmingly
to impeach President Roh Moo-hyun by 193-2, amid dramatic scenes as
rival politicians physically battled on the floor of parliament. More
|California's top court blocks gay marriages
March 11, 2004
SAN FRANCISCO, California (AP) -- The California Supreme Court on
Thursday ordered an immediate halt to gay marriages in San Francisco,
delivering a victory to conservatives who have fought for a month
to block the ceremonies. More
|High Court: Wife's statement against spouse can't
March 8, 2004 cnn.com
WASHINGTON (AP) -- The Constitution guarantees a criminal defendant
may confront his accusers, and that right means prosecutors can't
use a wife's taped statement to police to try to undermine her husband
at trial, the Supreme Court ruled Monday. More
|Sniper Muhammad sentenced to death
Judge follows jury's recommendation
March 9, 2004
MANASSAS, Virginia (CNN) -- A Virginia judge Tuesday sentenced John
Allen Muhammad to death for killing Dean Harold Meyers -- one of 10
people shot to death during the October 2002 sniper shootings.
|WorldNews: Retrial ordered for 9/11 suspect
March 4, 2004 HAMBURG, Germany
-- A German appeals court has ordered a retrial of the only person
convicted in connection with the September 11, 2001 attacks in the
United States. More
|Martha Stewart found guilty on all counts
Stewart, broker could face up to 20 years in prison
March 5, 2004
NEW YORK (CNN) -- A jury found Martha Stewart guilty on all four counts
she faced in her obstruction of justice trial Friday. More
|Judge resigns over online racial remarks
March 4, 2004
RICHMOND, Virginia (AP) -- A Virginia judge has resigned after the
disclosure of racially charged remarks he wrote in an Internet chat
room, including statements suggesting that blacks have a biological
tendency toward violence. More
|New indictment follows millionaire's acquittal
By John Springer
Court TV February 18, 2004
(Court TV) -- Robert Durst, the multimillionaire Manhattanite acquitted
of murdering an elderly Texas man, was house hunting last month in
anticipation of his release from jail soon.
|Supreme Court will hear death penalty case
March 1, 2004 cnn.com
WASHINGTON (AP) -- The Supreme Court said Monday that it will consider
effectiveness standards for attorneys, focusing on a Florida death
row case involving a defendant who questioned his lawyer's strategy
of admitting his guilt. More
|Peterson jury allowed to hear wiretaps
March 2, 2004 cnn.com
REDWOOD CITY, California (AP) -- Jurors in Scott Peterson's trial
will hear evidence collected by investigators using wiretap listening
devices, a judge ruled Tuesday. More
|New York attorney general says state law forbids
By Joe Manoney and David Saltonstall
New York Daily News
NEW YORK - (KRT) - Gay couples cannot be legally wed in New York -
and mayors who ignore the law could face arrest, state Attorney General
Eliot Spitzer declared Wednesday.
|MongoliaNews: Trilateral contract on Motherland-Democracy
Coalition signed By E. Tor
On February 23 (a monkey day or 3rd day of the first month of spring
of Wood Monkey Year), an official ceremony to sign on trilateral cooperation
contract of the Motherland-Democracy Coalition was held at the Democratic
Party headquarter building.
|MongoliaNews: "The UB Post"
Livestock census result
The National Statistical Office and the Ministry of Food and Agriculture
introduced results of 2003 livestock census at a regular cabinet meeting
held on Wednesday.More
|American University Washington College of Law
Human Rights Defenders Speaker Series SPECIAL EVENT!!!!
Join us on February 25th, when panelists Gaston Mwenelupembe (Malawi),
Ahmad Warraich (Pakistan), and Gombosurengiin Ganzorig (Mongolia)
will discuss their experiences advocating for human rights from within
the government system. More
US Transfers Guantanamo Prisoner to Denmark
February 25, 2004 By Will Dunham
WASHINGTON (Reuters) - The United States turned over a Danish national
who was imprisoned at the U.S. naval base at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba,
to the government of Denmark, the Pentagon said on Wednesday, and
the Danes planned to set him free. More
|Judge Strikes Down Iowa Sex-Offender Law
Feb 13, 2004
DES MOINES, Iowa - A federal judge on Monday struck down an Iowa law
that prohibited convicted sex offenders from living within 2,000 feet
of schools and day-care centers. More
|Dog Is Found Alive Month After Boat Sinks
ANCHORAGE, Alaska - A Labrador retriever has been found alive on an
isolated cove of a Southeast Alaska island more than a month after
its owner was given up for dead when his boat sank in rough seas.
|Congress Not Rushing Gay Marriage Ban
Feb 25, By JENNIFER LOVEN, Associated Press Writer
WASHINGTON - President Bush (news - web sites) wants quick election-year
enactment of a constitutional amendment prohibiting gays from marrying
each other, but Republicans in Congress are not rushing to heed his
|Bush to Back Gay Marriage Ban Amendment
By DEB RIECHMANN, Associated Press Writer
WASHINGTON - Jumping into a volatile election-year debate on same-sex
weddings, President Bush (news - web sites) on Tuesday backed a constitutional
amendment banning gay marriage - a move he said was needed to stop
judges from changing the definition of the "most enduring human
|Milosevic prosecution concludes next week
20 February, 2004 http://www.reuters.co.uk
AMSTERDAM (Reuters) - The Hague war crimes tribunal says the prosecution
will sum up against former Yugoslav president Slobodan Milosevic on
Tuesday and Wednesday. More
|Supreme Court to Hear 'Dirty Bomber' Case
By Charles Lane Washington Post Staff Writer
February 20, 2004
The Supreme Court announced yesterday that it will rule on a crucial
-- and fiercely debated -- element of President Bush's legal strategy
in the war against terrorism...More
|Utah May Drop Execution by Firing Squad
February 20, By PAUL FOY, Associated Press Writer
SALT LAKE CITY - Utah lawmakers sent the governor a bill Friday to
eliminate firing squad executions and deny killers the chance to "go
out in a blaze of glory."
|Bush pardons former mayor Served prison time
for bank fraud
WASHINGTON (AP) -- President Bush pardoned a former mayor of Plano,
Texas, who pleaded guilty to bank fraud in 1996, the Justice Department
announced Monday. More
|Same-sex marriage decisions delayed
February 18, 2004
SAN FRANCISCO, California (CNN) -- Two judges have delayed decisions
that could have stopped San Francisco's issuance of marriage licenses
to gay and lesbian couples, allowing the city to issue the licenses
until at least Friday when the next hearing is scheduled. More
|Courts consider Texas death row retardation claims
February 16, 2004 cnn.com
AUSTIN, Texas (AP) -- In the year and a half since the U.S. Supreme
Court ruled mentally retarded inmates cannot be executed, more than
40 death row cases were delayed or sent back for review in Texas Texas
-- leaving appellate courts in a quandary. More
Prosecutor in terror case controversy sues Ashcroft http://www.usatoday.com
USA Today Posted 2/17/2004 WASHINGTON (AP) - A federal prosecutor
in a major terrorism case in Detroit has taken the rare step of
suing Attorney General John Ashcroft, alleging the Justice Department
interfered with the case...More
|MongoliaNews: Swiss-Mongolian society setup
Switzerland-Mongolia Friendship Society was established on February
6 in Geneva, Switzerland. At the opening ceremony, Mongolian Ambassador
to Switzerland Kh. Bekhbat, a member of National Council of Swiss
Confederation Mr. Andre Raymond, embassy staffs and Mongolian citizens
working in international organization were attended the event. More
||Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Mongolia visited
Texas Law School
G. Ganzorig, 02.10. 2004
At the beginning of February 2004 Hon Chief Justice Ganbat Chimedlham,
the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Mongolia visited the United
Lift to right: Dean Fred Slabach, Chief Justice CH. Ganbat, Prof.
|Judge overturns late-term abortion law
February 3, 2004 RICHMOND, Virginia (AP) -- A federal judge has ruled
Virginia's ban on a type of late-term abortion is unconstitutional,
striking down a law that uses language mirroring the federal ban signed
into law last year. More
|MongoliaNews: Bridge to nowhere
Economist.com Jan 29th 2004
A bridge in the middle of nowhere has become a symbol of bad development
IT MAY lack the fame of Africa's Serengeti, but Mongolia's Eastern
size of Oregon or Britain, is the biggest intact grazing ecosystem
left on earth...More
|Passengers: Pilot uses flight as pulpit
American Airlines apologizes for comments on religion
February 9, 2004
NEW YORK (CNN) -- A pilot asked passengers on an American Airlines
flight to raise their hands if they were Christians, telling them
they were "crazy" if they weren't, some of the passengers
|Federal Judge Strikes Down Part of Patriot Act
Reuters By Dan Whitcomb
LOS ANGELES (Reuters) - A federal judge in Los Angeles has struck
down as too vague part of the Patriot Act that bars providing "expert
advice and assistance" to foreign terrorist groups -- marking
the first time a court has declared part of the law unconstitutional.
|Panel decries wrongful convictions
By Jenna Russell, Globe Staff, 1/25/2004
Simple, inexpensive changes in law enforcement procedures could help
prevent wrongful convictions like that of Stephan Cowans, according
to judges, lawyers, and others who discussed the problem yesterday.
|Chief Justice Balks at Ethical Questions
Mon Jan 26, 6:08 PM ET
By GINA HOLLAND, Associated Press Writer
WASHINGTON - Chief Justice William H. Rehnquist on Monday rebuffed
two Democratic senators who questioned Justice Antonin Scalia (impartiality
in an appeal involving Scalia's friend and hunting partner, Vice President
Dick Cheney. More
|FELLOWSHIP- Public Interest Law Initiative, Columbia
The Public Interest Law Initiative (PILI) at Columbia Law School is
accepting applications for its 2004-2006 Public Interest Law Fellowship
PILI has just opened its application process for its 2004-2006 Public
Interest Law Fellowship Program. More
|CEU summer courses
Deadline has been extended until February 9, 2004. Fee-paying applications
can be submitted continuously until May 17, 2004. Early application
is encouraged as course places may fill up prior to that date. Announcement
of the 2004 Summer University courses at Central European University,
Budapest, Hungary. More
|Students' Perspective on Current Social and Economic
Student Panel Discussion
Objective: This student panel is designed to stimulate discussions
on the current economic and social issues in Mongolia from Mongolian
|Rehnquist questioned on Cheney-Scalia trip
January 22, 2004
WASHINGTON (CNN) -- Two leading Democratic senators asked Chief Justice
William Rehnquist on Thursday about the propriety of a hunting trip
Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia took with Vice President Dick
Cheney while Cheney has a case pending before the high court. More
|Janklow sentenced to 100 days in jail
January 22, 2004
FLANDREAU, South Dakota (AP) -- Bill Janklow, who dominated South
Dakota politics for three decades as governor and then congressman,
was sentenced to 100 days in jail Thursday for a car crash that killed
a motorcyclist and ended Janklow's career in disgrace. More
Bush Gives Recess Appointment to Pickering
WASHINGTON - President Bush used his executive authority Friday
to bypass Senate Democrats and install District Judge Charles Pickering
(search) on the 5th Circuit Court of Appeals. More
|Supreme Court agrees to consider immigrant detention case
January 16, 2004 cnn.com
WASHINGTON (AP) -- The Supreme Court said Friday it will decide whether
authorities can imprison indefinitely hundreds of Cuban immigrant
criminals and other illegal non-U.S. citizens with no country to accept
|Supreme Court expands review of U.S. war on terror
Case of U.S.-born man captured in Afghanistan increases scrutiny of
Bush policies 01.09.04
WASHINGTON (CNN) -- The U.S. Supreme Court on Friday expanded its
review of the Bush administration's war on terror...More
|Bush immigration plan could pass Congress
By Ted Barrett and Steve Turnham, 01.08.04 Posted: 2:06 AM EST
WASHINGTON (CNN) --Congressional leadership aides predicted that President
Bush might be able to pass his immigration reform proposals this year
if he pushes hard...More
||MongoliaNews: Myers Thanks Mongolians for Iraqi Freedom Help
By Jim Garamone http://www.defenselink.mil
American Forces Press Service
ULAN BATOR, Mongolia, Jan. 13, 2004 - Mongolia is a small country
with a powerful warrior tradition. But today, the country consciously
is tying its reputation to peacekeeping, and Mongolia's latest area
of operations is Iraq. Air Force Gen. Richard B. Myers, chairman of
the Joint Chiefs of Staff, visited Mongolia today to speak with national
and defense leaders.
|NYC will pay $3 million to Diallo family
Parents of slaim immigrant had sought $81 million
From Phil Hirschkorn and Shannon Troetel CNN January 6, 2004
NEW YORK (CNN) -- New York City has agreed to pay $3 million to the
family of Amadou Diallo, the unarmed West African immigrant shot to
death by police nearly five years ago. More
|Ex-detective wrongly convicted of murder owed job,
January 8, 2004 cnn.com
(CNN) -- A former Rhode Island police detective who spent more than
six years in prison for a murder he did not commit may return to his
old job with back pay, a judge has ruled. More
|George Harrison's estate sues doctor
Lawsuit claims doctor forced the rocker to sign an autograph
The Associated Press Jan. 06, 2004 http://msnbc.msn.com
NEW YORK - A doctor forced a weakened George Harrison to autograph
a guitar for the physician's teenage son two weeks before the ex-Beatle
died of cancer, a lawsuit filed Tuesday alleges. More
|WORLDNEWS: Aus entertainer under probe
03/01/2004 08:21 - (SA) http://www.news
Brisbane, Australia - An investigation has been ordered after famous
Australian crocodile hunter Steve Irwin fed a crocodile while holding
his month-old baby, the Queensland state government said on Saturday.
|Rehnquist slams Congress over reducing sentencing
From Bill Mears
CNN Washington Bureau
January 1, 2004
WASHINGTON (CNN) -- The nation's chief justice has sharply criticized
Congress over the issues of judicial salaries and laws tightening
federal sentencing guidelines. More
|Woman convicted in dog-mauling death is freed
January 2, 2004
SAN FRANCISCO (AP) -- A woman convicted of involuntary manslaughter
along with her husband in the dog mauling death of a neighbor was
released from prison after serving more than half of a four-year sentence.
|Battlefield Chicago? In the Padilla case, a federal
court says no
By Joanne Mariner FindLaw Columnist Special to CNN.com
(FindLaw) -- Sometimes a single word is remarkably telling. In the
federal appeals court ruling that denied the Bush administration the
power to unilaterally detain U.S. citizen Jose Padilla indefinitely
as an enemy combatant, that word is "captured." More
|Gary Condit sues tabloids for $209 million
By Harriet Ryan Court TV December 22, 2003
(Court TV) -- Former congressman Gary Condit hit three supermarket
tabloids with a $209 million defamation suit Friday for printing articles
suggesting he killed Washington intern Chandra Levy. More
|Jury sharply split in sparing sniper Malvo
December 24, 2003
CHESAPEAKE, Virginia (CNN) -- The Virginia jury that spared the life
of teen sniper Lee Boyd Malvo was apparently sharply split, with five
jurors favoring a death sentence but others saying he was too young
to be executed. More
|Supreme Court to fine tune suspects' rights
December 9, 2003
WASHINGTON (AP) -- The Supreme Court is taking another look at its
37-year-old mandate that police officers give suspects the familiar
warning that begins "You have the right to remain silent ..."
before starting interrogations. More
|Retired judges named to hear appeal of Ten Commandments
December 16, 2003
MONTGOMERY, Alabama (AP) -- In what was called an unprecedented event,
seven retired judges were selected at random to hear Roy Moore's appeal
of his ouster as chief justice for refusing to remove a Ten Commandments
|Russian legislation on mental health declared to
in violation of the European Convention on Human Rights
Ms. Rakevich's case is the seventh case against Russia since the Russian
Federation ratified the European Convention.
Rakevich v. Russia
|CONF./CFP- Heroic Apocrypha in the Chinggisid and
Timurid Successor States
Heroic Apocrypha in the Chinggisid and Timurid Successor States: First
Participants are sought for a conference on "apocryphal"
sources on Chinggis Khan, Timur, Babur, Edigu, and other figures in
history of the Mongol empire and its successor states. More
|Call for panel participants
The Mongolia Society and the American Center for Mongolian Studies
(ACMS) are placing a call for panel participants for one or more Mongolian
Studies panelsfor one or more Mongolian Studies panels to be held
in conjunction with the 2004 Association of Asian Studies (AAS) annual
meeting, which will be held at the Town and Country Hotel in San Diego,
CA from March 4-7, 2004. More
|World News: Retrial sought for Mexicans on death
December 16, 2003 cnn.com
THE HAGUE, The Netherlands (Reuters) -- Mexico asked the World Court
Monday to order the United States to retry 52 Mexicans on death row
because it says they were not told of their right to consular help
after being arrested.
|TIBETAN WHO PROTESTED MONK'S JAILING TORTURED
Supporter of Tenzin Deleg Rimpoche refused to denounce him
WASHINGTON, Nov. 27, 2003--A 66-year-old Tibetan man who refused to
denounce a condemned Tibetan monk was tortured by the Chinese
authorities to the point of mental and physical handicap before his
release, Radio Free Asia (RFA) reports. More
|Supreme Court to hear church-state case
Taxpayer money for religious studies focus of case
November 28, 2003 cnn.com
OLYMPIA, Washington (AP) -- Joshua Davey's hard work and good grades
won him a state scholarship, but his ambition to be a minister denied
him the money. Now, his legal challenge has become another U.S. Supreme
Court battle over the separation of church and state. More
|Massachusetts high court rules gay marriage legal
BY JENNIFER PETER The Associated Press http://keysnews.com
BOSTON -- In the nation's most far-reaching decision of its kind,
Massachusetts' highest court declared Tuesday that the state constitution
guarantees gay couples the right to marry -- a ruling celebrated with
a popping of champagne corks and the planning of spring weddings.
|N.Y. federal judge halts enforcement of late-term
Court action follows similar ruling Wednesday in Nebraska
November 6, 2003
NEW YORK (CNN) -- In a ruling more far reaching than a similar one
in Nebraska Wednesday, a federal judge in New York Thursday issued
a temporary restraining order barring the U.S. government from enforcing
a recently passed ban on certain late-term abortions. More
|Ten Commandments Monument Trial Begins
Alabama Chief Justice Goes on Trial for Judicial Ethics Charge in
Ten Commandments Case The Associated Press
MONTGOMERY, Ala. Nov. 12 - Suspended Alabama Chief Justice Roy Moore
had "every legal right" to ignore an order to remove his
Ten Commandments monument from the rotunda of the state courthouse,
Moore's attorneys said Wednesday at his judicial ethics trial. More
|ULAANBAATAR: Main square opens to fanfare and fireworks
TheUBPost, 06 Nov 2003 ULAT, Comments: 1
Sukhbaatar Square reopened on November 3 after lengthy renovations.
The 31,068-m˛ center of Ulaanbaatar was covered with granite tiles
requiring Tg3.5 billion and 7,560 tons of granite. More
|ULAANBAATAR: Detainee murdered in cell
TheUBPost, 06 Nov 2003 ULAT, Comments: 0
Last Saturday, a man was murdered at the Detention Center of the General
Authority for Implementing Court Decisions, where he shared a cell
with six other Mongolian men. More
|ULAANBAATAR: MPRP elected to SocIntern
TheUBPost, 31 Oct 2003 ULAT
On October 29, the 22nd Congress of the Socialist International, being
held in San Paulo, Brazil, announced the decision to include Mongolia's
MPRP as a full member. More
|Supreme Court rejects Ten Commandments
Decision lets stand Alabama decision to remove statue
From Bill Mears CNN Washington Bureau, November 4, 2003
WASHINGTON (CNN) -- The U.S. Supreme Court Monday rejected appeals
to allow a granite monument of the Ten Commandments to be prominently
displayed in an Alabama courthouse, a blow to the state's highest
judge, who made the issue a personal crusade. More
Ten Commandments judge removed from office November 14, 2003
Alabama's judicial ethics panel removed Chief Justice Roy Moore from
office Thursday for defying a federal judge's order to move a Ten
Commandments monument from the state Supreme Court building.The nine-member
Court of the Judiciary issued its unanimous decision after a one-day
trial Wednesday. The panel, which includes judges, lawyers and non-lawyers,
could have reprimanded Moore, continued his suspension or cleared
Judge orders freedom for man convicted of murder in 1989 cnn.com
BOSTON, Massachusetts (AP) -- Fourteen years after he went to prison
for the murder of a 12-year-old girl whose slaying became a symbol
of random gang violence in Boston, Shawn Drumgold walked out of court
a free man Thursday, his conviction overturned at prosecutors' request.
|Groups sue to block abortion procedure ban
November 1, 2003 WASHINGTON (CNN)
Two abortion rights groups and the American Civil Liberties Union
have filed lawsuits to try to block the recently passed ban on a late-term
abortion procedure from taking effect. The White House says President
Bush intends to sign it on Wednesday.
|Fulbright Hays Group Projects Abroad: Contemporary
June 5-July 3, 2004
A Workshop and Field Study for Post-Secondary Educators
The University of Pittsburgh's Asian Studies Center and the University
Honors College are accepting applications for the Contemporary Mongolia
|Judge OKs $1.4 Billion Wall St Settlement By
findlaw.com NEW YORK (Reuters)
A U.S. judge on Friday approved a $1.4 billion settlement between
financial regulators and 10 Wall Street firms accused of misleading
investors with biased stock research. More
|World News: Orders Italy School to Remove Cross
By TOM RACHMAN, Associated Press Writer
ROME - An Italian court has ordered a crucifix removed from a classroom
- setting off a debate in a secular but culturally Catholic nation
that is home to the Vatican (news - web sites) and where a law still
requires public schools to display a cross. More
WorldNews: Genocide trial for 4 ex-ministers
November 2, 2003 cnn.com
DAR ES SALAAM (Reuters) -- Four former ministers go on trial on
Monday charged with playing key roles in Rwanda's 1994 genocide.
including handing out weapons, traveling abroad to buy guns and
inciting the slaughter of 800,000 people. More
|Janice Rogers Brown
During her time on the bench, California Supreme Court Justice Janice
Rogers Brown has taken positions hostile to reproductive rights, affirmative
action, claims of discrimination based on race, age, gender, and disability,
and worker and consumer protections. More
||Scalia Ridicules Court's Gay Sex Ruling
http://story.news.yahoo.com By ANNE GEARAN, AP Writer
WASHINGTON - Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia (news - web sites)
ridiculed his court's recent ruling legalizing gay sex, telling an
audience of conservative activists Thursday that the ruling ignores
the Constitution in favor of a modern, liberal sensibility. More
|Judge accuses Congress, Justice of pressure to avoid
Wednesday, 10.22. 2003
MINNEAPOLIS, Minnesota (AP) -- A federal judge has accused Congress
and the Justice Department of bullying judges into thinking twice
about handing down lenient sentences. More
|Mongolian nomadism 'to die out' 24.10.2003 http://news.bbc.co.uk
The Prime Minister of Mongolia has said that the nomadic lifestyle
many of its people have followed for centuries will have all but disappeared
in 10-15 years.
In an interview with the BBC, the prime minister, Nambaryn Enkhbayar,
said the situation was inevitable and he blamed the change on a competitive
and fast developing world. More
|Prime Minister of Mongolia to be first International
President of ARC
15 July 2003 http://www.arcworld.org
ARC is delighted to announce that - alongside our Founder HRH the
Prince Philip - we now have our first International President. In
June 2003 the Prime Minister of Mongolia Nambaryn Enkhbayar accepted
an offer by ARC trustees to be International President for an initial
three years. More
|The American Center for Mongolian Studies Annual
The Mongolia Society and the American Center for Mongolian Studies
(ACMS) are placing a call for panel participants for one or more
Mongolian Studies panels to be held in conjunction with the 2004
Association of Asian Studies (AAS) annual meeting. More
|MONGOLIA NEWS: In Mongolia, a Tilt Toward a Free Market
By JAMES BROOKE and JARGAL BYAMBASUREN October 21, 2003 http://www.nytimes.com
ULAN BATOR, Mongolia - Mongolia, once a remote Soviet satellite, is
rapidly becoming a country hailed by investors for its openness to
foreign capital and ideas - not to mention its proximity to Asia's
big play, China. More
||Supreme Court accepts Pledge of Allegiance case
From Bill Mears, CNN, October 15, 2003
WASHINGTON (CNN) -- The U.S. Supreme Court agreed Tuesday to hear
a case involving whether schoolchildren can be allowed to recite the
Pledge of Allegiance voluntarily, putting a family's custody dispute
at the forefront of a constitutional legal battle. At issue is whether
the Pledge of Allegiance should be banned from public schools for
its use of the words "under God." More
||Brain-damaged Florida woman receiving fluids
Gov. Bush orders effort to save her; judge declines injunction
October 22, 2003
TALLAHASSEE, Florida (CNN) -- Florida Gov. Jeb Bush ordered a feeding
tube reinserted into a brain-damaged woman Tuesday afternoon, less
than two hours after the Legislature passed a bill allowing him to
|Supreme Court passes up chance to review presidential
October 21, 2003 cnn.com
WASHINGTON (AP) -- The Supreme Court refused Monday to consider whether
a presidential pardon completely clears a person's past, restoring
an individual's right to vote, have weapons or practice law. More
|Justices ponder right to refuse to give police ID
October 20, 2003
WASHINGTON (AP) -- The Supreme Court said Monday it will consider
whether people have a constitutional right to refuse to tell police
Justices will review the prosecution of a man under a Nevada law that
requires people suspected of wrongdoing to identify themselves to
police, or face arrest. More
|SIT ALUM RAISES MONEY TO OPEN MUSIC SCHOOL IN
Message from Friends of Mongolia
Liliana Goldman participated
in SIT's Mongolia: Culture and Development
program in Fall 2001. For her ISP, she studied traditional Mongolian
music, including the "long-song", with Dadsuren, who is
widely believed to be the foremost long-song expert in Mongolia. More
Date: September 16, 2003
MONGOLIA: A dispute arises over freedom of 26 North Korean
"Mongolia should not push back those refugees who came for freedom
from the hell of communism." told Mr.Elbegdorj Tsakhia, the President
of the Liberty Center. More
|Refugee Plan For Mongolia Adds to Dispute on North
Korea http://www.nytimes.com By JAMES BROOKE Sept. 22 -Three hundred
miles east of here, near a wall built by Genghis Khan, dust blows
from the steppes through the empty barracks and apartments of an abandoned
Soviet military base at Choybalsan. The local mayor, South Korean
missionaries and American Congressional staff members share a common
vision for the old border post. More
||Bryant's lawyer lives up to reputation cnn.com
Mackey known as zealous advocate of high-profile clients
October 12, 2003 EAGLE, Colorado (AP) -- As dozens of reporters scribbled
furiously in the tense courtroom, the first details emerged about
the rape allegations against Kobe Bryant-graphic details of a friendly
encounter that quickly veered out of control.She referred to the alleged
victim six times by name and dropped a bombshell that drew gasps...More
|Ashcroft angers judges over sentencing
September 30, 2003 cnn.com
WASHINGTON (AP) -- A debate over appropriate punishments for federal
crimes and how cases should be pursued by prosecutors has made unlikely
foes of conservative judges and Attorney General John Ashcroft. More
|Justice Calls Mandatory Sentences `Bad Policy'
Sep 22, 2003 - Associated Press
Mandatory minimum sentences passed by Congress are "bad policy,"
Supreme Court Justice Stephen Breyer said yesterday. More
|MongoliaNews: Mongolia Is Having a Mine Rush
October 3, 2003http://www.nytimes.com
By JAMES BROOKE
ORNUUR, Mongolia - A single-lane dirt road winds through rolling hills,
past a herd of wild horses, past flocks of sheep, and past white felt
gers, the traditional homes of nomads of the steppes. More
|WorldNews: Inner Mongolian authorities carry out new policies:
Land use first, formalities later on
Southern Mongolian Human Rights Information Center
http://www.smhric.org 24 June, 2003, New York
English Translation by H. Mergen
According to the official Inner Mongolia Daily reports, Inner Mongolian
Department of Land Resource Management recently announced five new
policies, to encourage ethnic Han Chinese population to enter the
"autonomous region..." More
|Supreme performance: Justices take stage at opera
From Yvonne S. Lee 09.07. 2003
WASHINGTON (CNN) -- Supreme Court Justices Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Stephen
Breyer and Anthony Kennedy played a role in the opening night of the
Washington Opera's 2003-2004 season Saturday night, at the DAR Constitution
|Court rules that recall can go ahead in October
September 23, 2003)
SAN FRANCISCO, California (CNN) -- California's recall vote will go
ahead as scheduled on October 7, an 11-judge federal panel ruled Tuesday.
The American Civil Liberties Union had filed suit requesting that
the ballot be delayed so that punch-card voting machines could be
|DESCRIPTION:IT SCHOLARSHIPS FOR NORTH AFRICAN AND ASIAN
Internews has launched a major information technology (IT) training
program for African and Asian women working in the media and other
|Public defender: 'Right to a jury trial is fundamental'
September 2, 2003 (CNN) -- The 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in
San Francisco, California, overturned about 100 death sentences Tuesday
that had been imposed by judges in Arizona, Idaho and Montana. The
ruling cited a U.S. Supreme Court ruling that only juries -- not judges
-- can impose the death penalty. More
|Anti-Bush protesters sue Secret Service
September 23, 2003
WASHINGTON (AP) -- The American Civil Liberties Union asked the federal
courts Tuesday to prevent the U.S. Secret Service from keeping anti-Bush
protesters far away from presidential appearances while allowing supporters
to display their messages up close. More
|City agrees to pay $3 million in wrongful death claim
September 24, 2003
TACOMA, Washington (AP) -- The city has agreed to pay $3 million to
the family of a woman who was shot to death by her police chief husband,
and officials said the final package could total several million dollars
|Judge allows 9/11 airline lawsuits to
September 9, 2003 cnn.com
NEW YORK (AP) -- Lawsuits blaming airlines, the Port Authority and
the Boeing Co. for injuries and deaths in the September 11 terrorist
attacks can proceed, a federal judge ruled Tuesday. More
Fulbright Teaching Awards for 2004-2005 academic year in Mongolia
The deadline for submitting applications for the Fulbright Teaching
Award for Mongolia for 2004-2005 has been extended. More
|World News: Anger over adultery stoning case
September 19, 2003 cnn.com
JOHANNESBURG, South Africa -- Pressure is mounting on the Nigerian
government to spare the life of a Muslim woman condemned to death
by stoning for adultery. More
|US News: Judge: Evidence collected properly against
September 16, 2003 cnn.com
NEW YORK (AP) -- A judge has ruled that the government properly gathered
evidence against a lawyer accused of conspiring to defraud the United
States while she represented a blind Egyptian cleric convicted in
a terrorism case. More
|Man indicted for exposing lover to HIV
September 18, 2003 cnn.com
SAN FRANCISCO, California (AP) -- A former city health commissioner
who allegedly lied to an ex-boyfriend about his HIV status is the
first person charged under a state law against intentionally exposing
another person to the virus, prosecutors said. More
|Mongolia News: New US Ambassador Arrives
By Ch. Sumyabazar TheUBPost, 05 Sep 2003
Newly-appointed US Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to
Mongolia, Pamela J. Slutz, arrived in Ulaanbaatar on August 28, 2003,
replacing former Ambassador John Dinger.My husband, Ronald Deutch,
and I are very pleased to have this opportunity to live and work in
Mongolia once again," she said in her arrival statement last
| IMF completes first and second reviews of Mongolia's
PRGF Program and approves US$11 million disbursement
TheUBPost, 15 Sep 2003
The Executive Board of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) today
completed the first and second reviews of Mongolia's arrangement under
the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF). More
|General in prison, accused of revealing state secrets
By S. Gun-Uyanga TheUBPost, 11 Sep 2003
General Baatar, former chief of the Central Intelligence Agency, was
arrested on the morning of September 5 at the abode of the family
of the son-in-law of ex-president P. Ochirbat.
He was nabbed by the investigation department of the CIA, disclosed
CIA spokesman Battogtokh.
|Judicial nominee Estrada withdraws his name
September 4, 2003 cnn.com
WASHINGTON (CNN) -- Miguel Estrada, nominee for the U.S. Court of
Appeals for the District of Columbia, withdrew his name from consideration
Thursday after spending more than two years in limbo amid partisan
wrangling over President Bush's nominations. More
|Lawmakers include themselves in proposed raise
If approved, salaries to reach $158,000
September 4, 2003 cnn.com
WASHINGTON (AP) -- Members of Congress, along with more than 1 million
other civilian government workers, are in line for a 4.1 percent pay
raise next year under legislation moving through the House Thursday.More
|Judge allows 9/11 airline lawsuits to proceed
September 9, 2003
NEW YORK (AP) -- Lawsuits blaming airlines, the Port Authority and
the Boeing Co. for injuries and deaths in the September 11 terrorist
attacks can proceed, a federal judge ruled Tuesday. More
|Michigan remakes admissions policy
University's new policy still considers race
August 28, 2003
ANN ARBOR, Mich. (AP) -- The University of Michigan unveiled a new
undergraduate admissions policy Thursday that gives the highest priority
to academic achievement, but also retains race as a factor, in an
effort to comply with a U.S. Supreme Court ruling. More
|Traficant associate sentenced for bribery
August 26, 2003 cnn.com
CLEVELAND, Ohio (AP) -- A businessman convicted of doing free work
for former Rep. James A. Traficant Jr. in exchange for political favors
was sentenced Monday to two years in prison. More
|Supreme Court urged to consider Gitmo case
September 2, 2003 cnn.com
WASHINGTON (AP) -- The Supreme Court was asked Tuesday to consider
whether the Bush administration has violated the Constitution by holding
660 terrorist suspects in Cuba without charges or access to attorneys.
|Judge suspended over Ten Commandments
Ethics complaint: Chief justice failed to respect, obey law
August 23, 2003 cnn.com
MONTGOMERY, Alabama (CNN) -- Alabama Chief Justice Roy Moore was suspended
Friday pending the outcome of an ethics complaint for defying a federal
court order to move a Ten Commandments monument from the rotunda of
the Alabama Supreme Court building. More
|Final days for Commandments monument
August 27, 2003 cnn.com
MONTGOMERY, Alabama (CNN) -- The controversial Ten Commandments monument
at the Alabama Judicial Building will be removed by the end of the
week, the state's attorney general said Tuesday. More
|FBI file reveals justice's clean past
August 28, 2003 cnn.com
WASHINGTON (AP) -- Over more than 30 years, the worst thing the FBI
came up with about Supreme Court Justice Byron R. White was that he
got a $10 speeding ticket the year before he joined the Kennedy administration,
bureau documents. More
|MongoliaNews: President N. Bagabandi meets Mr. Jackson
August 15, 2003 http://www.mol.mn
President, N. Bagabandi has received Mr. Jackson Cox, Mongolian Program
Director of the International Institute of the United States Republicans,
in connection with the completion of Mr. Cox's term of office and
his return to America. More
|Not your typical, little business trip
Chicago Tribune August 17, 2003
CRYSTAL LAKE -- In parts of Mongolia, things haven't changed much
since Genghis Khan was in charge.
But the country is taking a modern tack in promoting its age-old cashmere
industry with help from the U.S. government and a Crystal Lake man
as the prime U.S. marketing honcho. More
|WorldNews: Coke and Pepsi met Indian standards
Bibhudatta Pradhan and Cherian Thomas Bloomberg News
August 21, 2003
NEW DELHI Health Minister Sushma Swaraj of India said Thursday that
made by the local units of Coca-Cola and PepsiCo met the country's
prescribed for bottled drinking water.
|Fox-Franken lawsuit arguments scheduled
Release date of book moved up
August 19, 2003 http://www.cnn.com
NEW YORK (AP) -- Oral arguments have been scheduled for Friday for
the Fox News Channel's lawsuit against humorist Al Franken.U.S. District
Judge Denny Chin set the date after a brief hearing Monday. More
|Texas appeals court stops scheduled Wednesday execution
August 19, 2003 http://www.cnn.com
HUNTSVILLE, Texas (AP) -- A state appeals court on Tuesday halted
the execution of a triple murderer after attorneys argued jurors should
have been allowed to consider his troubled childhood during his sentencing.
|Justices order removal of Ten Commandments monument
August 21, 2003 www.cnn.com
MONTGOMERY, Alabama (CNN) -- Alabama's state Supreme Court justices
overruled their chief justice on Thursday and ordered that a Ten Commandments
monument be removed from its public site in the Alabama Judicial Building.
|Judge ends 47-year-old desegregation case
August 16, 2003 www.cnn.com
BATON ROUGE, Louisiana (AP) -- The nation's longest-running school
desegregation lawsuit was officially ended after 47 years when a federal
judge signed a settlement agreement and dismissed the case. More
|Crowd rallies to support chief justice's Ten Commandments
August 16, 2003 www.cnn.com
MONTGOMERY, Alabama (AP) -- Alabama Chief Justice Roy Moore told thousands
of supporters Saturday that he would be guilty of treason if he didn't
fight to keep a monument of the Ten Commandments in the rotunda of
the state judicial building. More
August 15, 2003 www.cnn.com
MONTGOMERY, Alabama (AP) -- The attorney general and Alabama Supreme
Court associate justices are distancing themselves from the state's
chief justice, who has pledged to defy a federal court order to remove
a Ten Commandments monument from the state's judicial building. More
|MONGOLIA NEWS: ULAANBAATAR: Republican and Socialist
parties want Justice Minister suspended www.mol.mn TheUBPost,
07 Aug 2003 The Civil Will Republican Party (CWRC) demanded the suspension
of Minister of Justice Ts. Nyamdorj from his position and a public
examination of his income since 1990. More
||ULAANBAATAR: "Gundalai did not break the law"
says attorney www.mol.mn TheUBPost, 07 Aug 2003 By S. Gun-UyangaGundalai's
attorney S. Narangerel said earlier this week in the Mongolian Medee
that Gundalai's case had reached an interesting turn. More
||ULAANBAATAR: Gundalai proved wrong by law
www.mol.mn TheUBPost, 07 Aug 2003 By S. Gun-Uyanga
The group, lead by Head of Parliament Standing Committee for Justice
Ts. Sharavdorj, was established by decree of Parliament Speaker S.
Tomor-Ochir on July 25 to examine Gundalai's arrest...More
||Virginia county says first sniper trial
may cost $1.2 million August 5, 2003 www.cnn.com
MANASSAS, Virginia (AP) -- The county prosecuting the first of the
Washington-area sniper suspects has estimated it will need $1.2 million
for the capital murder trial.
The U.S. Justice Department has pledged $200,000 to help Prince William
||Florida cannot prosecute pilots for
allegedly drinking before flight August 6, 2003 www.cnn.com
MIAMI, Florida (CNN) -- A federal judge ruled Tuesday that Florida
cannot prosecute two former America West pilots for operating an aircraft
while allegedly intoxicated because federal law, not Florida law,
applies in the case. More
|Judge suspended over 'Tarzan' complaint
August 4, 2003 www.cnn.com
BOSTON, Massachusetts (Reuters) -- Federal authorities said on Monday
they had suspended a U.S. immigration judge after a newspaper reported
he referred to himself as Tarzan during court proceedings for an African
political asylum seeker named Jane. More
|Florida cannot prosecute pilots for allegedly drinking before
flight 08.06.03 www.cnn.com
MIAMI, Florida (CNN) -- A federal judge ruled Tuesday that Florida
cannot prosecute two former America West pilots for operating an aircraft
while allegedly intoxicated because federal law, not Florida law,
applies in the case. More
|JOB- Chief of Party, Judicial Reform Project,
Distrib. by: Central-Eurasia-L - Announcement List for Central Eurasian
Long Term (2-year) position of Chief of Party on a Central Asian Judicial
Reform Project starting in fall 2003. More
|GRANTS- Kennan Institute Short-term Grants
Deadline September 1, 2003
The Kennan Institute offers Short-term Grants to scholars whose research
the social sciences or humanities focuses on the former Soviet Union...More
|JOB- Teachers needed: Location: Ulaanbaatar,
Santis Educational Services (SES) is an English Language Center
established in 1999, located in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia.
||Charges against Mississippi judges,
attorney alleges loans, paybacks
Indictment come amid debate between state's business, trial lawyers
July 28, 2003 www.cnn.com
JACKSON, Mississippi (AP) -- Less than a year after the state Legislature
took action to rein in multimillion-dollar awards in Mississippi courts,
an attorney is accused of paying off judges -- including a Supreme
Court justice -- in exchange for favorable verdicts. More
wants marriage reserved for heterosexuals
Urges America to remain a "welcoming country"
July 30, 2003 http://www.cnn.com
President Bush said Wednesday he has government lawyers working on
a law that would define marriage as a union between a woman and a
man, casting aside calls to legalize gay marriages. More
asks for Fujimori's return
July 30, 2003 www.cnn.com
TOKYO, Japan (CNN) -- Peru has asked Japan to extradite former Peruvian
president Alberto Fujimori so he can stand trial in Lima, according
to Peru's embassy in Tokyo.
Fujimori left for Japan in November 2000 after a corruption scandal
involving his former security chief, Vladimiro Montesinos, who is
now in jail.
warns media to follow his privacy directives on Bryant case
July 30, 2003 www.cnn.com
EAGLE, Colorado (CNN) -- The judge in the Kobe Bryant sexual assault
case has issued an order warning the media to honor his rules or face
exclusion from court proceedings and other "legal sanctions."
death row inmate released from prison
State's Supreme Court ruled lack of credible evidence
July 29, 2003 www.cnn.com
JEFFERSON CITY, Missouri (AP) -- A former death row inmate walked
out of jail Monday after a prosecutor said there was not enough evidence
to retry him in the stabbing death of a fellow inmate.
|MONGOLIA NEWS: Released MP Gundalai says it was Nyamdorj's
TheUBPost, 28 Jul 2003 After being released from the detention center
Mr.Gundalai told journalists that he thought the arrest was Minister
Nyamdorj's job. His statement was not just about Mr.Nyamdorj Ts.,
an MP and the Minister of Justice and Internal Affairs...More
| Mongolia releases arrested opposition leader
By Irja Halasz
ULAN BATOR, 26 July (Reuters) - Mongolian opposition leader Gundalai
has been released from police detention after hundreds of people took
to the streets to protest against his arrest, party officials and
human rights activists said on Saturday.
|Daily threat for Mongolia nomads
By the BBC's Rupert Wingfield Hayes
Ulan Bator, Mongolia
Mongolia's changing climate is bearing down hard on the country's
population, who are being forced to reconsider a way of life that
has been with
them for generations. More
|MONGOLIA: M.P. Mr.Gundalai Arrested On His Way To
Democracy Conference http://www.libertycenter.org.mn/
By Oyungerel Ts, Liberty Center, NGO
Date: July 24, 2003 3.30p.m.
Today around 2p.m. at the Ulaanbaatar airport, a group of special
force of 3 from Police has used force against Mr.Gundalai, 40, MP
in order to prevent him to fly to Seoul. More
The new US Ambassador to Mongolia
The new US Ambassador to Mongolia was appointed. The Honorable
Pamela Slutz will be sworn in on July 18, 2003, at the US State
Department. She is expected to take up her duties in Ulaanbaatar
in August, replacing Ambassador John Dinger. More
|"MONGOLIAN ECONOMY STABLE AND GROWING!"
by Ben B. Boothe
The view of Ulaanbaatar from the Chingis Khan hotel is far different
that of 12 years ago. When I first came to Mongolia for the U.S. State
Department, in 1991, the economy here was a mess. More
Officials: Pope Trip to Mongolia Dropped
By VICTOR L. SIMPSON
The Associated Press
July 4, 2003; 11:55 AM
VATICAN CITY - The Vatican has dropped plans for Pope John Paul II
to visit Mongolia next month, deciding a papal pilgrimage to the nascent
Catholic community in the predominantly Buddhist country is premature,
officials said. More
|American Center for Mongolian Studies
At the Embassy of Mongolia to the United States on July 1, 2003 The
Embassy of Mongolia and The North America-Mongolia Business Council
hosted reception honoring The American Center for Mongolian Studies
Mongolia News: President visits Lithuanian http://www.mol.mn
Parliament The President N.Bagabandi, who is currently in Lithuania
on an official visit, visited the Parliament House of Lithuania
on June 27 and was welcomed by the Lithuanian Parliament Speaker
A. Pauluskas. More
President returns from Europa The President of Mongolia
N. Bagabandi has arrived in Ulaanbaatar from the visit to Estonia,
Lithua, Latvia and Austria.
|Prime Minister in Russia We reported before that
the Prime Minister N. Enkhbayar is paying an official visit to Russia
at the invitation of the Russian Government Head M.M. Kasyanov and
that the Prime Minister began his visit from Chita region. More
||'Friendly fire' pilot will be tried for dereliction
Manslaughter, assault charges set aside
Maj. Harry Schmidt-A fighter pilot who accidentally bombed Canadian
soldiers in Afghanistan last year, killing four, will be tried for
dereliction of duty after the Air Force set aside manslaughter and
assault charges. More
|MONGOLIA NEWS: US Military Attache Awarded friendship
Ulaanbaatar, June 25. /OANA-MONTSAME/. Under the Mongolian President's
order, the Defense Attache at the US Embassy in Mongolia, Colonel
Thomas Wilhelm has been awarded with the Friendship Medal of Mongolia.
|US NEWS: http://www.globeandmail.com
The Glob and Mail Associated Press
U.S. punishes foes in fight over world criminal court
...Mongolia, Senegal, Botswana and Nigeria received waivers even though
the State Department had not identified them as signing exemption
agreements. The State Department did not say why they were included...More
"Living History" (Book Excerpt) July 2, 2003
…Once it became clear I would make the controversial trip to China,
the Administration requested that I stop for an overnight visit in
Mongolia, a former Soviet satellite that in 1990 had chosen the path
of democracy ...More
|MONGOLIA NEWS: Dolgorsuren Dagvadorj
Possessing the strength to lift an entire nation http://www.time.com/time/asia
By Jim Frederick
From England's Beowulf to Japan's Momotaro, every culture on earth
celebrates the hero who travels far, endures hardships, fights valiantly-and
emerges victorious. No wonder, then, that one of the world's top sumo
wrestlers, a 22-year-old Mongolian named Dolgorsuren Dagvadorj, has
achieved a status in his country to rival that of the great Khans.
His life is a modern embodiment of the warrior's journey.Born to a
storied wrestling family (his father and two of his brothers are high-ranking
Mongolian wrestlers), Dagvadorj traveled to Japan at age 16 to chart
his own course.
USA NEWS: Restaurant Ordered to Pay Couple $39M
June 27, 2003
MUNCIE, Ind. - Jurors ordered the corporate owner of an Outback
Steakhouse to pay $39 million to a couple severely injured when
they were hit by an allegedly drunken driver who had just left the
NEWS: Argentina Supreme Court Justice Resigns
June 27, 2003 http://story.news.yahoo.com
By BILL CORMIER, Associated Press Writer
BUENOS AIRES, Argentina - Argentina's top Supreme Court justice resigned
Friday after weeks of political pressure by President Nestor Kirchner
to overhaul the highly unpopular court, authorities said.
|USA NEWS: Gay sex ban struck down
Joan Biskupic USA TODAY June 27, 2003
WASHINGTON -- The Supreme Court voted 6-3 on Thursday to strike down
a Texas law that banned sex between homosexuals, a decision that was
an unprecedented show of respect for gay men and lesbians. More
|WORLD NEWS: New Zealand Legalizes Brothels
June 27, 2003 http://story.news.yahoo.com
WELLINGTON (Reuters) - Brothels will now be legal in New Zealand --
its parliament narrowly voted on Wednesday to overturn the country's
100-year-old sex laws which ban soliciting and living off the earnings
|USA NEWS: Court Limits Race As Factor in Admissions
By ANNE GEARAN, Associated Press Writer
WASHINGTON - In two split decisions, the Supreme Court on Monday ruled
that minority applicants may be given an edge when applying for admissions
to universities, but limited how much a factor race can play in the
selection of students. More
|Homicide, assault charges dropped against 'friendly fire' pilots
Dereliction charges remain in bombing that killed 4 CanadiansNEW ORLEANS,
Louisiana (AP) --The Air Force has dropped manslaughter and assault
charges against two F-16 pilots who mistakenly bombed Canadian soldiers
in Afghanistan last year, killing four. But while both pilots avoided
court-martial and lengthy prison terms, one may not have been entirely
|Blair seeks U.S.-style Supreme Court Warren Hoge
NYT Monday, June 16, 2003 LONDON In a move to free Britain's judicial
system from political control, the government of Prime Minister Tony
Blair is proposing the creation of an American-style Supreme Court
and an independent commission to appoint judges. More
||Canada pushes gay marriage
The Canadian Government is to push for the legalisation of gay marriages
following a series of critical court rulings on the subject. Prime
Minister Jean Chretien said on Tuesday that the new legislation will
not however force churches to recognise same-sex partnerships. More
|Federal court declines to reopen Roe v. Wade
DALLAS (AP) --A federal district court dismissed a request by the
one-time plaintiff known as "Jane Roe" to reconsider the
landmark U.S. Supreme Court decision that legalized abortion 30 years
ago.The court said late Thursday that Norma McCorvey's request wasn't
made within a "reasonable time" after the 1973 judgment
in Roe v. Wade. More
|Court Backs Limits to Drugging Defendants
Jun 16, By ANNE GEARAN, Associated Press Writer http://news.yahoo.com/
WASHINGTON - A divided Supreme Court said Monday the government can
force medication on mentally ill criminal defendants only in the rarest
of circumstances, ruling that prosecutors' simple desire to see a
suspect face trial is not enough. The court split 6-3 in ruling that
a mentally ill dentist - he once called police to report a leopard
was boarding a bus outside his window - cannot be forced to take antipsychotic
drugs that might make him sane enough for trial. The government must
meet a series of conditions before it mandates treatment, the court
majority said. More
|MONGOLIA NEWS:Mongolian Christian TV Station Shuts
By MICHAEL KOHN The Associated Press
June 10, 2003 www.washingtonpost.com
ULAN BATOR, Mongolia - Tom Terry planned to give Mongolians another
biblical summer - along with "The Flintstones" and NBA basketball.
|Man to Plead Guilty in Al-Jazeera Hacking
By GARY GENTILE, AP Business Writer
LOS ANGELES - A Web designer has agreed to plead guilty to felony
charges of redirecting traffic from the Web site for the Arab TV station
Al-Jazeera to a site showing an American flag and the words "Let
Freedom Ring," prosecutors said Thursday. More
|Michael Jackson settles court fight
BY DAN WHITCOMB, REUTERS June 12, 2003
Pop star Michael Jackson Wednesday settled a $12 million breach of
contract lawsuit by his former top adviser, avoiding a trial that
threatened to spill details of his financial empire and personal life
into open court. More
|WORLDNEWS: U.S. Gets War Crimes Tribunal Exemption
By EDITH M. LEDERER, Associated Press Writer
UNITED NATIONS - The U.N. Security Council on Thursday approved another
one-year exemption for American peacekeepers from prosecution by the
new international war crimes tribunal, but it faced opposition from
France, Germany and Syria. More
|High Court Deadlocks on Agent Orange Case
By GINA HOLLAND, Associated Press Writer
WASHINGTON - The Supreme Court deadlocked Monday on whether it's too
late for sick Vietnam veterans to sue chemical companies over Agent
Orange exposure, but allowed vets to continue lawsuits claiming they
were wrongly shut out of a decades-old national settlement. More
|Guantanamo Eyes Possible Execution Chamber
By PAISLEY DODDS, Associated Press Writer
SAN JUAN, Puerto Rico - Guantanamo officials are working on plans
to provide a courtroom, a prison and an execution chamber if the order
comes to try terror suspects at the base in Cuba, the mission commander
ULAANBAATAR: Mongolian, Chinese Presidents hold talks
(TheUBPost, 05 Jun 2003 05:32 pm ULAT) ULAANBAATAR, June 4 (Xinhuanet)
-- Visiting Chinese President Hu Jintao and his Mongolian counterpart
Natsagyn Bagabandi held talks here on Wednesday on ways to bring the
Sino-Mongolian relationship to a new high. More
|WORLDNEWS: Liberia's president indicted for war crimes
June 4, 2003 www.newsobserver.com
By CLARENCE ROY-MACAULAY, ASSOCIATED PRESS
FREETOWN, Sierra Leone (AP) - A U.N.-sponsored war crimes court charged
Liberian President Charles Taylor with crimes against humanity Wednesday
for a 10-year terror campaign in which tens of thousands of people
were killed, raped, kidnapped or maimed in neighboring Sierra Leone.
|MANILA: Strong Response to ADB Offer of Emergency
Support to Fight SARS
(TheUBPost, 05 Jun 2003 07:43 pm ULATMANILA, PHILIPPINES (5 June 2003)
- Within days of ADB's offer of emergency support to fight the Severe
Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) outbreak, it has received proposals
from Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Cambodia, Lao PDR, Nepal, Mongolia,
Pakistan, and Sri Lanka.
ADB approved a US$2 million regional technical assistance (RETA) grant
in late May to provide regional support to prevent and contain SARS
by financing the vital first steps in a medium- to long-term effort
to boost health systems.More
Veil dispute begins in Florida courtroom
By Matt Bean Court TV(Court TV) --A Florida woman's fight to remain
veiled in a driver's license photograph began Tuesday with testimony
from her husband and a local expert on Islamic law."It's your
opinion that if Sultaana?Freeman were required to remove her veil
... that would be a violation of her religious beliefs?"? asked
ACLU-backed lawyer Howard Marks of the local scholar of Islam, Safil
Islam Abdul Ahad."Yes," Ahad said. More
Arguelles, left, and Kell
Utah prepares for 2 firing-squad executions in June
SALT LAKE CITY, Utah (AP) --The only state that dispatches condemned
inmates by firing squad is assembling gunmen for back-to-back executions
next month.The nation's last execution by firing squad was in
1996.Exercising their right under Utah law, a serial killer, Roberto
Arguelles, and Troy Michael Kell, a white supremacist who stabbed
a fellow inmate to death, have chosen the firing squad over lethal
injection and are set to die at 12:01 a.m. on June 27 and 28, respectively.
|Judge Orders Reforms on Mississippi's Death Row
May 22, 2003 U.S. National - APBy MATT VOLZ, Associated Press Writer
JACKSON, Miss. - A federal judge ruled that life on Mississippi's
death row is so harsh and filthy that inmates are being driven insane,
and ordered reforms that advocates praised as a precedent-setting
breakthrough in prisoners' rights. More
||Supreme Court upholds state employee right to family
leaveWASHINGTON (AP) --The Supreme Court upheld the right of
state workers to get time off to care for children or ailing relatives,
rejecting an attempt to scale back a law guaranteeing 12 weeks of
family leave.Tuesday's 6-3 ruling is a departure from the court's
line of cases that expand state rights at the expense of federal power
or laws passed by Congress. More
|WORLDNEWS: WHO backs tobacco advert controls
GENEVA, Switzerland (CNN) --The World Health Organization has adopted
an international treaty to clamp down on tobacco advertising and sponsorship
-- despite opposition from the industry.The treaty was approved
without a vote Wednesday by the WHO's policy-making assembly in Geneva,
Switzerland, but needs to be ratified by the 192 member states. More
||Innocent plea entered for Nichols Defense asks
for jury trial OKLAHOMA CITY, Oklahoma (AP) --The judge overseeing
bombing conspirator Terry Nichols' state trial entered a not guilty
plea on Nichols' behalf during arraignment Tuesday. The defense
asked for a trial date more than 1 1/2 years away. More
|Supreme Court Seat Shuffle?
Judges' retirements would spark first shift in decades
Washington - Well-informed court observers say that there could be
two Supreme Court resignations next month, Chief Justice William H.
Rehnquist and Associate Justice Sandra Day O'Connor, bringing the
greatest upheaval on the court in 32 years. More
|Judge Says Jurors Can't Retry Convicted Marijuana
SAN FRANCISCO, May 17 - A federal judge has denied a new trial
for an advocate of medicinal marijuana, Ed Rosenthal. More
|Busy Times for Utah's Firing Squad
Criminals chose to ridicule authorities and to make the execution
as painful as possible
to all involved The men or women who make up the firing squad in the
state of Utah can start polishing their guns. Two inmates have chosen
to be executed by them, instead of a lethal injection.
gets 25 years to life
Tuesday, May 13, 2003 cnn.com
BUFFALO, New York (CNN) -- James Kopp received the maximum sentence
of 25 years to life Friday for the sniper slaying of a Buffalo,
New York-area physician in his suburban home nearly five years ago.
|Halliburton admits it paid Nigerian bribe
May 9, 2003 WASHINGTON (AFP) - Oil services giant Halliburton,
already under fire over accusations that its White house ties helped
win a major Iraqi oil contract, has admitted that a subsidiary paid
a multi-million dollar bribe to a Nigerian tax official.
|US NEWS: Supreme Court Rejects Appeal on Ten Commandments
April 28, 2003 By James Vicini yahoonews.com
WASHINGTON (Reuters) - The U.S. Supreme Court (news - web sites) on
Monday rejected an appeal by Kentucky of a ruling that barred the
display of a large granite monument with the Ten Commandments on the
state Capitol grounds in Frankfort. More
|Judge: File-swapping tools are legal By John
Borland, April 25, http://www.msnbc.com/A federal judge in Los Angeles
has handed a stunning court victory to file-swapping services Streamcast
Networks and Grokster, dismissing much of the record industry and
movie studios' lawsuit against the two companies More
|Supreme Court rejects appeal limits for federal inmates
April 23, 2003 WASHINGTON (AP) cnn.com -- The Supreme Court refused
Wednesday to limit federal appeals involving claims of bad lawyering,
an issue that has concerned some justices in death row cases.
The court said a convicted hit man could claim ineffective counsel
in a second round of appeals, even though he did not initially contend
that he was poorly represented at his trial.
|MONGOLIA NEWS: PAM SLUTZ CONFIRMED BY SENATE AS NEXT
-- On April 11, the US Senate unanimously approved the nomination
of Ms. Pamela J. Slutz, a career Foreign Service officer, as the next
US Ambassador to Mongolia, to succeed Ambassador John R. Dinger, who
has ably served in Ulaanbaatar since November 2000. More
|USA NEWS: U.S. woman sentenced in international fraud
April 25, 2003 cnn.com
NEW YORK (Reuters) -- A 71-year-old woman who ran an international
investment scheme that bilked people out of tens of millions of dollars
was sentenced Friday to almost 20 years in prison and ordered to pay
nearly $23 million. More
'Dirty war' prosecutor picked for U.N. court
International Criminal Court judges elected earlier
April 22, 2003 cnn.com
UNITED NATIONS (AP) -- An attorney who helped convict the military
junta responsible for Argentina's "dirty war" was unanimously
chosen Monday as the chief prosecutor of the world's first permanent
war crimes tribunal. More
Chief Moose appeals ruling on sniper spree book
April 14, 2003 cnn.com
WASHINGTON (CNN) -- Montgomery County Police Chief Charles Moose Monday
appealed a county ethics commission ruling that bars him from profiting
from his autobiography focused on last October's sniper spree. More
|Mongolia News: Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - 2002
Released by the Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor
March 31, 2003
Mongolia continued its transition from a highly centralized, Communist-led
state to a full-fledged, multiparty, parliamentary democracy, although
these gains have not yet been consolidated. The Prime Minister is
nominated by the majority party and, with the agreement of the President,
is approved by the State Great Hural (Parliament), the national legislature.
To see full the Report visit: http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2002/18255.htm
|U.S. prisons and jails now hold record 2 million
inmatesWASHINGTON (AP) --With the federal government leading the
way, the number of inmates in American prisons topped 2 million for
the first time, the Justice Department reports.California, Texas,
Florida and New York were the four biggest state prison systems, mirroring
their status as the most populous states. More
A claim for inmate death in prison dismissed
April 5, 2003G. Ganbat, 27 was convicted for theft of 26 cattle and
sentenced to 6-years imprisonment. However, he died after 2 days.
A cause of death was tubercles, which is a serious lung disease. Plaintiff,
Ms. G. Ouynchimeg, who is the mother of G. Ganbat filed a lawsuit
against the local police and prosecution departments, asking the court
to rule on 30 949 mugrigs compensation and damage. More
|Supreme Court upholds ban on cross burning Rejects
free speech claimWASHINGTON (AP) --A divided Supreme Court upheld
a state ban on cross burning, ruling Monday that the history of racial
intimidation attached to this symbol outweighs the free speech protection
of Ku Klux Klansmen or others who might it. More
||World News: S.Africa Plans Payment to Apartheid Victims
Apr 15, 2003 By Gershwin Wanneburg
CAPE TOWN, South Africa (Reuters) - South African President Thabo
Mbeki said on Tuesday his government would make a one-time payment
of $3,890 each to more than 19,000 victims of apartheid identified
by the country's truth commission. More
|Judge dismisses suit, says parents not involved in
April 5, 2003 http://www.cnn.com
DENVER, Colorado (AP) -- A federal judge dismissed a lawsuit against
the parents of JonBenet Ramsey and criticized police and the FBI for
what she said was a media campaign aimed at making the family look
|Utah court rules in favor of lesbian teacher
http://www.cnn.com April 5, 2003
SALT LAKE CITY, Utah (AP) -- The Utah Supreme Court on Friday left
it up to education officials whether to fire a lesbian high school
The ruling was a victory for psychology teacher Wendy Weaver, who
came under attack from parents and students at Spanish Fork High School
in a heavily Mormon part of Utah.More
Recent Oregon ruling on secret warrants may set troublesome
By Anita Ramasastry, FindLaw Columnist
Special to CNN.com March 18, 2003
(FindLaw) -- Earlier in March, an Oregon federal court heard oral
arguments on a motion in United States v. Battle, a case against
five terrorism suspects. The defendants are accused of conspiring
to assist al Qaeda forces in fighting U.S. troops in Afghanistan.
|Ex-U.S. Hostage Gets $1.75M From Iraq http://www.cnn.com
LAKE HAVASU, Ariz. - A former oil worker who went partially blind
and suffered nerve damage while being held hostage in Iraq in 1990
has received $1.75 million in damages from Iraqi funds frozen by the
Jack Frazier, 65, was one of 178 former hostages who successfully
sued the Republic of Iraq for illegally detaining them before the
1991 Gulf War. The former hostages were awarded a total of $93 million.
In new book, Sandra
Day O'Connor praises court diversity WASHINGTON (AP) -- Few institutions
are as steeped in tradition and history as the Supreme Court, but
Justice Sandra Day O'Connor still sees the body as dynamic and diverse.
http://www.cnn.com ..."Diversity is its strength, just as it
is the strength of America itself," O'Connor writes in a forthcoming
|Man freed after 28 years in prison sues
March 29, 2003
HARRISBURG, Pennsylvania (AP) -- A man freed after serving 28 years
in prison for allegedly killing a 13-year-old friend filed a wrongful
conviction lawsuit Friday.
"Our contention is that Steven Crawford is innocent and the
evidence used against him is false," said Johnnie Cochran Jr.,
who is part of the defense team. More
|MONGOLIA NEWS: Counterterror Team's Turnover Continues
By Karen DeYoung and Peter Slevin
Washington Post Staff Writers
...Mary A. Wright, the number two official at the U.S. Embassy in
Mongolia, had spent 15 years in the foreign service and 26 years in
the Army and Army Reserves.
"I strongly believe that going to war now will make the world
more dangerous, not safer," Wright said in a letter to Secretary
of State Colin L. Powell. More
|Cases for and against war
http://www.cnn.com, By Kevin Drew, CNN.com Law Editor
(CNN) --The legal arguments for and against military action against
Iraq are clear and concise, sharpening the gulf between opponents,
Opponents say no resolution has been passed by the U.N. Security Council
explicitly authorizing military action. That rule of international
law has been an unwritten one since the inception of the United Nations
and has rarely been violated. More
Thank you, President Bush
By Paulo Coelho, a Brazilian writer.
…Thank you for showing everyone that the Turkish people and their
parliament are not for sale, not even for 26 billion dollars. Thank
you for revealing to the world the gulf that exists between the
decisions made by those in power and the wishes of the people. More
|POLLS AROUND THE WORLD
A Newsletter of Global Information for Leaders March 18, 2003 Issue
Published by: Ben Boothe and Associates, Inc. Consultants in 30+ nations
...Most of the people on earth oppose this war. Polls around the world
show that THE MAJORITY OF THE POPULATION OF EVERY OTHER NATION ON
EARTH IS AGAINST THE U.S. POLICY OF WAR ON IRAQ, except one…tiny Israel.
|WorldNews: Ocalan trial unfair, court says
March 12, 2003
STRASBOURG, France -- Europe's top human rights court has upheld a
complaint by convicted Kurdish rebel leader Abdullah Ocalan that his
Turkish trial was unfair.
The European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg said Wednesday the
trial had not been "independent and impartial" and awarded
Ocalan $110,000 in costs. More
|World criminal court launched
THE HAGUE, The Netherlands (Reuters) --The first global criminal court
holds its inaugural session on Tuesday when judges are sworn in, but
the United States will show its hostility to the tribunal by staying
|Senate Backs 'Partial Birth' Abortion Ban
By Joanne Kenen
WASHINGTON (Reuters) - The U.S. Senate on Thursday easily approved
a ban on a controversial abortion method, which President Bush (news
- web sites) has said he is eager to sign into law.The vote was 65-32,
with some lawmakers who usually vote in favor of abortion rights joining
the majority in opposing this particular procedure, which critics
call "partial birth abortion." More
|Jackson loses $5.3 million lawsuit
March 13, 2003
http://www.cnn.com SANTA MARIA, California (CNN) A jury Thursday awarded
a concert promoter $5.3 million for two concerts canceled by Michael
Jackson in 1999. More
|Supreme Court issues stay
postponing Texas' 300th execution
March 13, 2003
WASHINGTON (AP) -- The Supreme Court on Wednesday stopped Texas from
executing its 300th inmate since capital punishment resumed in the
United States in 1977, granting a dramatic last-minute stay to condemned
killer Delma Banks. More
|Judge allows lawyers to visit 'enemy combatant'
A setback for the Bush administration
From Phil Hirschkorn
March 11, 2003
NEW YORK (CNN) -- A federal judge Tuesday ordered the government to
allow lawyers to meet with alleged "enemy combatant" Jose
Padilla, an American citizen accused of being an al Qaeda operative
who plotted to detonate a radioactive "dirty bomb" inside
the United States. More
|Lab: DNA retesting shows convicted man not involved
March 11, 2003
HOUSTON, Texas (AP) -- A man who has served four years of a rape sentence
was wrongly convicted, an independent lab said Monday, concluding
that DNA evidence was incorrectly processed by Houston police.
|WorldNews: Iran Court Revokes Academic's Death Sentence
February 14, 2003 http://www.reuters.com
TEHRAN (Reuters) - Iran's Supreme Court has revoked the death sentence
imposed on a dissident academic which sparked the country's largest
pro-reform protests for over three years, the official news agency
IRNA reported on Friday. University lecturer Hashem Aghajari was condemned
to death last November by a hardline regional court for questioning
clerical rule in a speech. More
English: President of Mongolia in America
February 12, 2003
By the initiative of our country, the UN General Assembly announced
2003-2012 as the UN Ten Years for Illiteracy eradication. On February
13 in New -York, inauguration ceremony for the UN Ten Years will
take place in Public Library.
The President of our country is already in New-York to attend the
ceremony at the invitation of UNESCO Director General Koichiro Matsuura.
The President Bagabandi will meet with UN Secretary-General Kofi
Annan, Mr. Koichiro Matsuura and the chairman of the 57th Session
of the UN General Assembly to discuss on Mongolia-UN cooperation.
The president will also visit the Asian Society of America, the
United States National Committee Foreign Policy, where he is to
make a speech on reforms in Mongolia and its foreign policy. In
Washington, he is expected to meet with Ms.Condoliza Rise, Security
Advisor to the US President, and Deputy State Secretary Mr. R. Armitage.
The President Bagabandi will be awarded with "Far--sighted
State Head" by the International Council of Societies for Social
February 14, 2003
UN Secretary General Kofi Annan met the President of Mongolia
UN Secretary General Kofi Annan has met with the President of Mongolia,
N. Bagabandi, who is currently in the United States to attend an
opening of UN Ten Years for Illiteracy Eradication.
At the meeting held in the UN Headqueter in New-York, the pair
shared views on international and bilateral relations. In the course
of the meeting, President Bagabandi said that Mongolia highly valued
the result of a visit by UN Secreatry General Kofi Annan to Mongolia
in October 2002. Mr. Bagabandi informed of the Mongolian side is
giving more significance to the implementation of issues agreed
during the visit by Mr. Kofi Annan.
UN Secretary General Kofi Annan said that he is satisfied with the
result of his visit to Mongolia last October. He expressed his gratitude
for Mongolian side's effort to carrying out issues agreed at the
visit. Mr. Kofi Annan emphasized that the UN Secretariat Office
is paying more attention and actively participating in the preparation
work for the 5th International Conference of New and Restored Democratic
Countries, which will take place in Ulaanbaatar in June 2003.
Volume 56 Number 1, January/February 2003
Relicsof the Kamikaze
Excavations off Japan's coast are uncovering Kublai Khan's ill-fated
BY JAMES P. DELGADO
Stepping off the dock into the warm, murky waters of Imari Bay,
I swam to the bottom, then followed a line staked out down a steep
||The visibility was poor, particularly
as excavations had stirred up soft mud, but suddenly I saw the
Unlike other sites I've dived on, the seabed here was not dominated
by a large hull. Instead, clusters of timbers and artifacts suggested
that a ship, or ships, had crashed into the shore and been ripped
|Dolly, World's First Cloned Mammal, Dies
February 14, 2003
By Patricia Reaney
LONDON (Reuters) - Dolly, the world's first cloned mammal, has died,
her creators at Scotland's Roslin Institute said on Friday. The six-year-old
world famous sheep was given a lethal injection after veterinarians
discovered she was suffering from a progressive lung disease. She
died at about 1500 GMT. "She had a lung infection and it was
quite serious. It is something that happens in sheep," Professor
Ian Wilmut, of the Roslin Institute, told Reuters.
"She had a detailed veterinary examination and they decided that
because she wasn't going to recover. It was kinder to euthanase her,"
A post-mortem is being done and the institute said it would report
any significant findings. More
|World Court: U.S. must stay
execution of 3 Mexicans on death row
THE HAGUE, Netherlands (AP) --The United States must temporarily stay
the execution of three Mexican citizens on U.S. death row, the World
Court ruled Wednesday. More
|U.S. Navy completes final
settlement in Ehime Maru incident
YOKOSUKA, Japan (CNN) --Nearly two years after a U.S. nuclear attack
submarine accidentally hit and sank the Japanese fishing vessel Ehime
Maru, killing nine people, including four high school students, the
Navy reached its final settlement with survivors of the victims, the
Navy announced Friday.
February 3, 2003
By LARRY JOHNSON
John Dinger, the U.S. ambassador to Mongolia, says that that remote
nation, sandwiched between Russia and China, offers the tourist and
business visitor great opportunities and challenges. More
The Asian Studies WWW Monitor rates
"Mongolianjudiciary.org" as "very useful"
The Asian Studies WWW Monitor which is one of the leading resources
for Asian studies in its December 2002, Volume 9, No. 24 (184) rates
our "Mongolianjudiciary.org" website as "very useful."
Determining the scholarly usefulness of various web sites the journal
rates them essential, very useful, useful, interesting and marginal.
According to Dr. T. Matthew Ciolek, for the December Volume there
were 18 entries 9 of them rejected, we were lacky to be among other
9-web site entries that accepted for publication. Electronic Index
to the Early Shenbao (1872-1895) that presented by Sinologisches
Seminar, Universitaet Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany and The American
Anthropologist Summaries (1888-2000) that presented by Center for
a Public Anthropology, Hawaii Pacific University, HI, USA were recognized
as essential. Mongolianjudiciary.org, Washington DC, USA was rated
as "very useful" with four stars, leaving behind websites
created by professionals from India, Germany, Nepal, Netherlands,
and Singapore. Japan-Japan Cherokee Press, JPH, Inc., Alpharetta,
GA, USA was rated "very useful" as well.
For the 2003 January Volume was accepted only one web site from
We are very proud of this announcement!
|"The Asian Studies WWW Monitor"
"The Asian Studies WWW Monitor" (ISSN 1329-9778) was established
21 April 1994, originally under a title "What's New in WWW Asian
Studies". It forms a key element of the global, cooperative project
Asian Studies WWW Virtual Library.
"The Asian Studies WWW Monitor" is published by the Internet
Publications Bureau, Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies
at the Australian National University (ANU). The Journal regularly
monitors new developments in the Asian Studies' cyberspace and compiles
timely, accurate, consistent and impartial summaries and evaluations
of the latest web sites and other online information systems relevant
to social sciences research of Asia and Pacific region.
"The Asian Studies WWW Monitor" acts as a current awareness
bulletin for a broad range of readers: academics, students, librarians,
journalists, business people, government administrators and the
wider on- and off-line community.
All resources listed in the "Monitor" are inspected and
rated in terms of the scholarly/factual quality and usefulness of
their content to the Asian Studies' research. All ratings reflect
the Editor's judgment without 'fear or favour', and are not negotiable.
For more infomation please visit: http://coombs.anu.edu.au/asia-www-monitor.html
|Cruise wins porn actor case
January 16, 2003 http://www.cnn.com
LOS ANGELES, California (AP) -- Tom Cruise won a $10 million defamation
judgment against a porn actor who allegedly told the French magazine
Actustar that he had a gay affair with the actor, Cruise's attorney
Chad Slater, whose stage name was Kyle Bradford, had said previously
he never met Cruise and defaulted on the $100 million lawsuit in August
2001. "I hope by defaulting, Mr. Cruise will finally get what
he is after and I can finally start to put my life back in order,"
Slater said in a statement at the time. The default motion did not
indicate Slater admitted wrongdoing, but was an acknowledgment he
did not have the money to fight the lawsuit and would not contest
Slater, who has made a series of porn films and gay-themed wrestling
videos, could not be located for comment Wednesday.
The $10 million judgment was decided in late December, according to
Cruise attorney Ricardo Cestero. "We don't have any idea whether
he'll ever have means to pay, but we've obtained the judgment, which
will hopefully make it clear that demeaning Mr. Cruise will not be
a successful endeavor," Cestero said Wednesday. Cruise plans
to donate to charity any money he receives from the judgment, Cestero
|Former N.H. Supreme Court justice found dead
January 14, 2003 http://www.cnn.com
BEDFORD, New Hampshire (AP) -- Maurice Bois, a former state Supreme
Court justice, was found dead Tuesday morning after he wandered
away from his nursing home, police said.
Authorities and up to 100 volunteers had searched the frigid woods
all night for Bois, 85, who was reported missing Monday evening
from the Arbors of Bedford. His body was found about 10 a.m. His
family said he suffered from Alzheimer's disease. Temperatures in
the snow-covered woods around the home dipped into the single digits
during the night, and Bois was not wearing a coat. More
1833 unmarried sex law overturned
January 14, 2003 http://www.cnn.com
ATLANTA, Georgia (AP) -- The Georgia Supreme Court has struck down
a 170-year-old law that made it a crime for unmarried people to
The ruling Monday came in the case of a 16-year-old boy discovered
having sex with his girlfriend in the bedroom of her home. The young
woman's mother made the discovery.
"Our opinion simply affirms that ... the government may not
reach into the bedroom of a private residence and criminalize the
private, noncommercial, consensual sexual acts of two persons legally
capable of consenting to those acts," Chief Justice Norman
| 'Blanket commutation' empties Illinois death
Incoming governor criticizes decision
From Jeff Flock
January 11, 2003 http://www.cnn.com
Illinois (CNN) -- Outgoing Illinois Gov. George Ryan announced Saturday
that he had commuted the sentences of all of the state's death row
inmates and said he would "sleep well knowing I made the right
Arrest warrant signed for cosmetics heir Andrew Luster
January 10, 2003
SANTA BARBARA, California (CNN) -- A federal judge signed an arrest
warrant Thursday for Andrew Luster, the missing heir to the Max
Factor fortune, the FBI said.
The issuing of the warrant came after investigators this week launched
a worldwide search for Luster after he disappeared in the middle
of his trial on date-rape charges. More
| Justice Thomas signs bookdeal for $1 million
January 10, 2003 http://www.cnn.com
Supreme Court JusticeClarence Thomas will receive more than $1
million for his memoirs from publisher HarperCollins.More
|Justice Thomas to deliver graduation speech at UGA
January 4, 2003 www.cnn.com
Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas
ATHENS, Georgia (AP) -- Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas will
deliver the graduation speech at the University of Georgia's law school
in May -- a decision that has stirred debate among professors and
|Wrongly convicted Maryland man gets pardon
January 5, 2003 http://www.cnn.com
ANNAPOLIS, Maryland (AP) -- A man who was freed after serving 20 years
in prison for a rape he didn't commit has been pardoned by Gov. Parris
Glendening, the first step in the process of receiving financial compensation
from the state. Bernard Webster, 40, of Baltimore was cleared of the
crime by DNA evidence. more
|Respected mayor faces corruption trial
January 5, 2003 BRIDGEPORT, Connecticut (CNN) -- Bridgeport Mayor
Joseph P. Ganim, who drew national praise for his efforts to revive
Connecticut's largest city, will be fighting for his freedom in a
corruption trial that begins this week. Ganim, a Democrat who had
planned to run for governor, faces up to 176 years in prison if convicted
of all 24 federal charges.
Court uphold's inmates' religious freedom
December 28, 2002
SAN FRANCISCO, California (AP) -- An appeals court upheld a lower
court's ruling that a federal law protecting religious freedoms
of inmates and others is constitutional. More
| Bush urges Congress to raise judges'
Judicial pay raises caught up in budget impasse
January 1, 2003 http://www.cnn.com/2003/ CRAWFORD, Texas (AP) -- President
Bush urged Congress on Tuesday to raise the pay of the nation's federal
Supreme Court Chief Justice William H. Rehnquist met with Bush at
the White House recently to personally appeal for a boost in the pay
of federal judges, but Bush said he has no authority to act on his
Rehnquist calls for full funding of federal courts
Chief justice says federal judges overworked, underpaid
From Bill Mears
January 1, 2003 http://www.cnn.com/2003/
WASHINGTON (CNN) -- Citing "rising caseloads, too many judicial
vacancies, and too few authorized judgeships," Chief Justice
William Rehnquist is calling on Congress and the White House to
work together to fully fund the federal judiciary.
Supreme Court reaffirms right of group to put up Hanukkah display
16, 2002 http://www.cnn.com/2002/LAW/
WASHINGTON (AP) -- The Supreme Court on Monday reaffirmed a decision
that allowed a Jewish organization to display a menorah in downtown
Cincinnati earlier this month. More
Texas leads in executions
28, 2002 http://www.cnn.com/2002/LAW/
On May 28, Napoleon Beazley became the 14th person to be executed
in Texas this year.
FORT WORTH, Texas (AP) -- Texas executed 33 people this year, the
most of any U.S. state and almost double the number put to death
in Texas last year, a study showed. More
Co-founder of Muslim charity appeals deportation order
December 27, 2002 http://www.cnn.com
DETROIT, Michigan The detained co-founder
of an Islamic charity has appealed an order sending him and his
family back to Lebanon, postponing their deportation for at least
a couple of months, his lawyer says. More
Rehnquist injury prompts renewed retirement speculation
26, 2002 http://www.cnn.com/2002/LAW/12/
Rehnquist has not publicly discussed his plans after the current
Supreme Court session.
WASHINGTON (AP) -- A leg injury and a Republican majority in the
Senate have combined to further speculation that this Supreme Court
term will be the last for Chief Justice William H. Rehnquist. More
N.Y. cop starts Louima sex assault sentence
December 27, 2002 http://www.cnn.com/2002/LAW/
NEW YORK (AP) -- After spending Christmas at home with his family,
former police officer Charles Schwarz was scheduled to begin serving
a five-year sentence Friday for his role in the 1997 sexual assault
on Haitian immigrant Abner Louima.
"I'm not happy about going, but at least it's one day closer
to coming home," Schwarz told the Daily News. More
Missouri judge revokes student's probation in drunken driving
December 27, 2002 http://www.cnn.com/2002/
SPRINGFIELD, Missouri (AP) -- A Missouri judge revoked probation
for a Southwest Baptist University student convicted of drunken
driving in a wreck that killed three students, ordering him to serve
six months in jail.
Actor Clint Eastwood sues biographer
December 25, 2002 California (AP) -- Actor Clint
Eastwood filed a $10 million libel suit. more
Judge orders Microsoft to carry Sun's Java
By Jon Swartz, USA TODAY
WASHINGTON - Sun Microsystems scored a major legal victory Monday
when a federal judge ordered rival Microsoft to include Sun's Java
programming language in its Windows operating system.
U.S. District Judge J. Frederick Motz issued a preliminary injunction
that will force Microsoft to distribute an up-to-date version of
Java while Sun pursues its antitrust case against Microsoft.
MongoliaNews: President meets the Chief Judge
December 27, 2002
The President Bagabandi has met the General Judge of the State Supreme
Court Ch.Ganbat. At the meeting Mr. Ganbat introduced consultation
preparation for legal organizations's leading workers to be organized
on February 26, 2003. more
US NEWS: LEGAL YEAR IN REVIEW
|CNN legal analyst Jeffrey Toobin
With a new year just a few days away, "American Morning"
took a look at some of the most outrageous and memorable legal cases
in 2002 -- including the Central Park jogger case. The 13-year-old
case of a woman brutally attacked while jogging in Central Park was
reopened after a prisoner behind bars claimed he committed the crime,
rather than five men -- teenagers at the time of the crime -- who
were convicted. DNA evidence proved the five men innocent and they
were released from prison. CNN legal analyst Jeffrey Toobin commented,
"This shows that we don't always know what we think we know --
that even confessions, even the legal system, even good journalism
sometimes produce the wrong result."
Bush Grants First Pardons of Presidency
|White House - AP
Dec 23, 2002 http://news.yahoo.com/?tmpl=story&u=/ap/20021223/
By SCOTT LINDLAW, Associated Press Writer
WASHINGTON - President Bush (news - web sites) has pardoned seven
Americans for an array of mostly minor offenses, from a Mississippi
man who tampered with a car odometer to a postal employee who stole
$10.90 from the mail, the White House announced Monday.
The seven were the first pardons of his administration.
Bush also pardoned a Tennessee man sentenced in 1962 for making untaxed
whiskey; an Oregon man convicted in 1966 in a grain-theft conspiracy;
an Iowa man sentenced in 1989 for lying to the Social Security Administration
(news - web sites); a Washington state man sentenced in 1972 for stealing
$38,000 worth of copper wire; and a Wisconsin minister who refused
to be inducted into the military, sentenced in 1957.
Bush granted the pardons on Friday, but the White House announced
his pardons on Monday with little fanfare. Bush maintained a long-standing
tradition by doing it near the holidays.
While he personally approved the pardons, the announcement was made
by the Department of Justice (news - web sites), with the White House
quietly signing off. Bush is spending part of the Christmas week at
"What all these cases have in common is that each pardon recipient
committed a relatively minor offense many years ago, completed his
prison sentence or probation and paid any fine, and has gone on to
live an exemplary life and to be a positive force in his community,"
said Ashley Snee, a White House spokeswoman.
Pardons have become a politically delicate presidential prerogative
in recent years.
President Clinton (news - web sites) left office two years ago touched
by scandal after a spree of controversial last-minute pardons, including
one for fugitive financier Marc Rich (news - web sites), the ex-husband
of Democratic financial contributor Denise Rich.
The first President Bush ignited a firestorm at the end of his presidency
by pardoning former Defense Secretary Caspar Weinberger.
The seven people Bush pardoned:
_Kenneth Franklin Copley of Lyles, Tenn. Sentenced to two years probation
in 1962 for manufacturing untaxed whiskey.
_Harlan Paul Dobas of Portland, Ore. Sentenced to three months in
jail in 1966 for conspiracy involving the sale of grain stolen from
_Stephen James Jackson of Picayune, Miss. Sentenced to three years
probation and fined $500 in 1993 for altering an odometer.
_Douglas Harley Rogers of Brookfield, Wis. A Jehovah's Witnesses minister
sentenced to two years in jail in 1957 for failing to report for military
_Walter F. Schuerer of Amana, Iowa. Fined $15,000 in 1989 for making
a false statement to the Social Security Administration regarding
_Paul Herman Wieser of Tacoma, Wash. Sentenced to 18 months probation
in 1972 for stealing $38,000 worth of copper wire.
_Olgen Williams of Indianapolis. A postal worker sentenced to one
year in jail in 1971 for stealing $10.90 from the mail.
WORLD NEWS: Death for Indian parliament raid plotters
|December 18, 2002 http://www.cnn.com/2002/WORLD/asiapcf/south/12/18/india.attack/
Afzal (L), Geelani (C), and Hussain (R) arrive at court for their
NEW DELHI, India (CNN) -- Three men convicted of aiding a deadly terrorist
attack on Indian parliament last year which brought India and Pakistan
to the brink of war have been sentenced to death.
A special anti-terrorism court imposed the death penalty on the three
after they were found guilty of "waging war" against India,
which is a capital offense.
The men, all Indian nationals from Kashmir, did not take part in the
December 13 suicide attack last year in which five suspected Muslim
militants -- armed with AK-47s and explosives -- stormed the parliament
complex in New Delhi, killing nine guards before they were gunned
down by security forces.
The three men though were convicted under India's Prevention of Terrorism
Act of plotting and providing logistical support for the raid.
Sentenced to death were Syed Geelani, an Arabic Studies professor
in New Delhi , Mohammed Afzal and Shaukat Hussain Guru -- all Indian
nationals from Kashmir.
A fourth suspect -- Guru's wife, Ehsaan Guru, aka Navjot Sandhu --
was convicted on the lesser charge of concealing the plan from authorities
and was sentenced to five years of rigorous imprisonment.
The suspects were the first found guilty under India's controversial
new anti-terrorism laws.
Defense lawyers have promised to appeal, saying the death penalty
is barbaric and irreversible. They have one month to file the appeal.
||Afzal, is accused of being the pointman in New
Delhi for Jaish-e-Mohammed, a Pakistan-based militant group
fighting for Kashmir's independence or merger with Pakistan.
Police say Jaish-e-Mohammed and another group, Lashkar-e-Tayyaba,
carried out the strike.
The attack almost led to war with neighboring nuclear foe Pakistan.
India blamed Pakistan's intelligence agency and Pakistani Islamic
guerrillas of orchestrating the assault.
New Delhi sent hundreds of thousands of troops to its border with
Pakistan in a standoff that lasted nearly 10 months. Islamabad has
denied any involvement.
In handing down the verdict on Monday, Judge S.N. Dhingra said the
three were part of a plan to assassinate Prime Minster Atal Behari
Vajpayee and Home Minister L. K. Advani, now deputy prime minister.
They also wanted to hold politicians hostage in the parliament building,
the court found.
"I hold them guilty of waging war against the country,"
said Dhingra, convicting the men -- Syed Abdul Rahman Geelani, Mohammed
Afzal and Shaukat Hussain Guru.
"I give them death sentences for the attack resulting in the
deaths of nine persons," the judge said.
The death penalty is rare in India and all death sentences must go
to a higher court to be reviewed and confirmed.
-- CNN's Ram Ramgopal contributed to this report
US NEWS: High court takes up Virginia cross-burning case
|CNN, By William Mears
December 11, 2002
||WASHINGTON (CNN) - A Supreme Court divided over
whether a burning cross is a protected form of free speech spoke
out Wednesday about the long history the object has as a symbol
of racial hatred. Justices heard arguments in a case testing
whether a Virginia statute banning cross burning "with
the intent to intimidate" violates the First Amendment.
The 50-year-old state law bans the ritual on private and public
The case involves two incidents of cross burning that occurred within
months of each other in 1998.
The issue for the justices will be whether laws designed to prevent
"broad intimidation"-- not limited to any "racial,
religious, or other content-focused category" -- will stand up
to First Amendment protections.
In unusually spirited arguments, Virginia Solicitor William Hurd called
cross burning "especially virulent intimidation."
"The message of the Klan is, the law can't help you," Hurd
said. "We are going to kill you. That's the message of the cross
But several justices questioned whether the mere act of cross burning
is in itself intimidating. "Suppose you had a cross burning in
a play or a movie," asked Justice Sandra Day O'Connor. "Would
that be intimidating?"
Justice Anthony Kennedy asked, "Any time you burn a cross in
Virginia, it's a crime?"
Later, Justice Antonin Scalia jokingly commented, "Certainly
one cannot ban cross burning in the sanctity of his bedroom."
Other justices pointed out the powerful symbolism cross burning have
had on a nation over decades torn by racial turbulence.
"I fear that no other purpose exists to the burning of a cross
but to cause fear, and to terrorize the population," said Justice
Clarence Thomas, in a rare commentary from the bench.
The court's only African-American justice, Thomas grew up in segregated
Georgia. Cross burning, he said, was part of "100 years of lynching
in the South.
"This was a reign of terror, and the cross was a sign of that,"
Thomas continued. "It is unlike any symbol in our society."
'What's the tiebreaker?' Added Justice David Souter: "Cross burning
has acquired a potency arguably that is at least equal to a gun. It
is not merely a trademark."
But sensing the conflict between protecting free speech and preserving
a ban on cross burning, Souter asked, "What's the tiebreaker?"
Rodney Smolla, the attorney representing the men convicted of cross
burning and a University of Richmond law professor, said justices
"should err on the side of the First Amendment."
"Our view is if you allow the government to [ban cross burning],
there is no stopping it."
The justices historically have been protective of the free-speech
rights of the most controversial of groups, including flag-burners,
adult entertainers and people who display swastikas.
In the cross-burning case, they're debating now whether three white
men were wrongly prosecuted, in separate cases, for lighting crosses
during a Klan rally and in the yard of an African American family.
The Virginia Supreme Court overturned the convictions of the men,
ruling the burnings were symbolic speech.
Minnesota statute struck down decade ago.
The state court relied on a high court decision a decade ago in another
cross-burning case. The Supreme Court struck down a city hate crimes
ordinance in St. Paul, Minnesota, that criminalized cross-burning
aimed at frightening or angering others "on the basis of race,
color, creed or gender." Virginia's law prohibits the activity
when done to intimidate a person or group.
Virginia Attorney General Jerry Kilgore said Virginia's law is different
from the Minnesota statute because it broadly covers all of society,
with no regard to race, ethnicity, religion, sexual orientation or
other characteristics, and contains the requirement of intentional
Since the Virginia Supreme Court ruling that threw out the convictions,
the state consolidated the cases and appealed to the U.S. Supreme
Court, seeking clarification on how states can legally ban "intolerance-based
speech and crimes." Virginia lawmakers also passed a new law,
banning all "intimidating burning," not just limited to
crosses. This new law is not being challenged in the courts.
Virginia passed its cross-burning statute in 1952, amid fears of resurgence
by the Klan. It came at a time when segregation in schools and other
public places was still legal.
About a dozen other states have similar laws. A decision on the case
is expected sometime before June.
The case is Virginia v. Black, No. (01-1107).
Former 9/11 detainee files $20 million civil rights suit
|CNN, From Phil Hirschkorn
December 17, 2002 http://www.cnn.com/2002/LAW/12/13/wtc.pilot.radio.suit/index.html
NEW YORK (CNN) -- An Egyptian exchange student once accused of lying
to federal investigators and held as a September 11 detainee has filed
a civil rights lawsuit seeking $20 million in damages.
The other defendants are Ronald Ferry, the former hotel security guard
who framed Higazy by claiming to find a pilot's radio in the safe
in his room; the Millennium hotel, across the street from the World
Trade Center, where Higazy stayed on the 51st floor; the hotel's chief
of security, Stuart Yule; and the Hilton Hotels Corporation, which
manages the Millennium.
||The action by Abdallah Higazy, 31, comes less
than three weeks after prosecutors completed a court-ordered
investigation that exonerated FBI agents involved in his case.
Higazy is suing FBI agent Michael Templeton, who administered
a disputed lie detector test that was central to the aborted
prosecution.He is one of the five named defendants in Higazy's
complaint filed in Manhattan federal court.
Templeton "extracted a false confession ... through coercion,
threats, and intimidation," Higazy alleges.
Higazy's problems started when Ferry, a former Newark, New Jersey
police officer, told investigators he found the radio in Higazy's
room. The hand-held radio, known as a transceiver, can be used by
pilots for air-to-air or air-to-ground communication.
Higazy, who began a computer engineering graduate program at Polytechnic
University in Brooklyn just one week before the September 11 hijackings,
had been assigned by the school to live in the hotel until he found
housing. He evacuated the hotel with other guests after the second
hijacked plane slammed into the World Trade Center.
FBI agents detained Higazy as a material witness December 17, 2001,
when he returned to the hotel to retrieve his personal belongings,
including his passport and a Koran.
"I was taken arrested put in solitary, confinement ,shackled,
strip searched," Higazy recalled Thursday.
During the lie detector test 10 days later, Higazy falsely admitted
the radio was his, the basis of the prosecution.
Higazy claims Templeton threatened him during the course of their
session, that he mentioned his brother, living in upstate New York,
and said, "we'll make sure Egyptian security gives your family
According to the government's report, Templeton interpreted Higazy's
denials that he had participated in the September 11 attacks as lies.
Prosecutors charged Higazy with one count of lying to federal agents
and kept him in custody for a month.
Three days after the charges against Higazy were made public, an American
private pilot who was staying in a room one floor below Higazy's claimed
the radio. Prosecutors dropped the charges two days later, and Higazy
was released from custody in mid-January.
Higazy's suit accuses the Millennium Hilton of negligence in its hiring
and training of Ferry and Yule, who passed Ferry's information to
Ferry was convicted in March for lying to federal agents and sentenced
to six months worth of weekends in prison.
Higazy is seeking $10 million in compensatory damages and $10 million
in punitive damages.
"There's really no way to calculate the harm that's been done
to Mr. Higazy's reputation internationally," said attorney Robert
Dunn. "People still believe he has something to do with 9/11
and but for some technicality of some kind or another, he would be
in jail. So his character has been besmirched internationally, his
family and he have suffered extreme emotional distress, so there is
really no way you can go to a calculator and punch up a number."
The attorney added that a Higazy suit against the government, including
the FBI, is "under consideration." There is a two-year statute
of limitations for him to file that.
Over the past year, Higazy has gotten married and resumed his studies
at Brooklyn Polytechnic, commuting from southern New Jersey. But he
said he would like to see a psychiatrist about the experience of being
"I have had nightmares. A lot of time I wake up dreaming that
the FBI wants to arrest me," Higazy said.
California to review whether judges can be Boy Scouts
|December 21, 2002 http://www.cnn.com/2002/US/West/12/21/judges.scouts.ap/index.html
SAN FRANCISCO, California (AP) -- The California Supreme Court is
considering prohibiting state judges from being members of the Boy
Scouts because of its refusal to admit gays, the chief justice said.
The move, announced Thursday, comes months after San Francisco's judges
and others cut ties with the organization for the same reason. The
San Francisco Bar association and other groups recently asked the
high court to revamp the rules.
California judicial canons, controlled by the Supreme Court, already
demand that judges divest themselves from groups that discriminate
against women and minorities.
Rules adopted seven years ago also forbid membership in organizations
that discriminate against lesbians and gays but allow "nonprofit
youth organizations," an exception for the Boy Scouts.
"The court had an extensive discussion about this matter and
has decided to take up the matter at a future administrative conference
after it undertakes a further study of the proposals," Chief
Justice Ronald M. George said in a brief statement.
George did not indicate when the justices would reach a decision.
Boy Scouts spokesman Gregg Shields called the proposal "wrong,
inappropriate and unconstitutional."
"The proposed policy would be just as inappropriate as a policy
forbidding judges from being Roman Catholic or Baptist or Orthodox
Jewish or any of numerous faiths which share the Boy Scouts' views,"
he told The New York Times.
Two years ago, the U.S. Supreme Court upheld the Boy Scouts' policy
against homosexuals. The scouts argued that their code, requiring
members to be "morally straight" and "clean,"
excluded homosexuals. The court said the scouts were entitled to define
their own principles.
U.S. court says no to Web libel suit
|Dec.22, 2002 http://www.msnbc.com/news/
Ruling follows controversial move by Australian high court
By Declan McCullagh
THE FOURTH CIRCUIT COURT OF APPEALS said two Connecticut newspapers
could not be sued for libel in a Virginia court based on allegedly
defamatory articles posted on their Web sites.
In the decision, released last Friday, a three-judge panel unanimously
tossed out a Virginia prison warden's lawsuit against the Hartford
Courant and the New Haven Advocate.
That ruling breaks with last week's decision in Australia, which sent
shock waves through the world of online publishing by saying that
the U.S.-based Dow Jones news organization would have to defend a
defamation lawsuit brought by a Melbourne, Australia, businessman
in an Australian court. Barron's magazine, a Dow Jones publication,
had published the allegedly libelous material on servers in New Jersey,
on its subscribers-only Web site.
In the Fourth Circuit case, the court said the key question was whether
the newspapers intended "to direct their Web site content, which
included certain articles discussing conditions in a Virginia prison,
to a Virginia audience," and concluded the answer was definitely
no. Instead of targeting Virginians, the court ruled, the papers'
Web sites were designed to be useful to residents of Connecticut,
with information about weather, state politics, and local classified
"The facts in this case establish that the newspapers' Web sites,
as well as the articles in question, were aimed at a Connecticut audience.
The newspapers did not post materials on the Internet with the manifest
intent of targeting Virginia readers," the court said.
The contrast demonstrates how unsettled some areas of technology law
remain. The two courts appear to have reached different conclusions
because the U.S. ruling focused on whether the pair of newspapers
had a commercial presence in Virginia, while the Australian high court
worried more about where the harm from allegedly libelous material
would be felt.
The Connecticut papers published a series of articles and columns
on the state's controversial practice of transferring inmates in overcrowded
prisons to a "supermax" prison in Big Stone Gap, Va. Warden
Stanley Young was not mentioned in any of the reports, but one column
criticized his prison in no uncertain terms, and Young claimed the
coverage was defamatory, suing the newspapers, their editors and the
reporters in Virginia.
Last Friday's decision only addressed the issue of jurisdiction, not
the merits of whether Young's claims of being defamed were valid or
California judge reduces record jury award to $28 million
|Dec. 18, 2002 http://www.msnbc.com/news/
A California judge on Wednesday slashed a record $28 billion jury
award against cigarette maker Philip Morris Cos.to a comparatively
paltry $28 million, calling the punitive damages "legally excessive."
PHILIP MORRIS, the No. 1 tobacco company, said it still planned to
appeal the verdict and expects the process to take several years.
A jury ordered the company in October to pay $28 billion in punitive
damages to 64-year-old Betty Bullock, a woman suffering from terminal
lung cancer who blamed the company for failing to warn her of the
risks of smoking.
In a written ruling, Judge Warren Ettinger, of California Superior
Court for Los Angeles County, slashed the damages, but turned down
the company's bid for a new trial. He said a new trial on punitive
damages would be ordered if Bullock refuses the reduced judgment.
The jury had also awarded Bullock $750,000 for compensation of medical
expenses and loss of earnings and $100,000 for pain and suffering
- but the punitive damages were 33,000 times those amounts, a ratio
deemed by Ettinger to be excessive.
In a statement, Philip Morris said the new ratio is nearly 33 to 1,
well in excess of the four-to-one ratio the U.S. Supreme Court has
suggested approaches the constitutional limit of such awards.
"A critical element was what the plaintiff knew about the health
risks of smoking ... the evidence was clear that Mrs. Bullock was
aware of the risks and never relied, to her detriment, on anything
the company said or did," William Ohlemeyer, the company's associate
general counsel, said in a statement.
The previous record for punitive damages had been $3 billion awarded
by a Los Angeles jury last year to Richard Boeken, a smoker who later
died. A judge eventually reduced that award to $100 million.
Under Wednesday's ruling, Bullock has until Dec. 27 to decide whether
to accept the reduced award. Her attorney, Michael Piuze, could not
be reached for comment.
During the trial, Bullock, who began smoking at 17, said Philip Morris
hid evidence about the link between smoking and cancer. She said she
believed the company when it said in the past there was no evidence
that smoking caused cancer.
"Philip Morris U.S.A. understands that many people have strong
feelings and opinions about tobacco. That emotion - and any desire
for changing the rules governing the tobacco industry - should be
directed to the legislative process, rather than the courts,"
MONGOLIA NEWS: Ulaanbaatar Conference
|MONTSAME December 16, 2002, http://news.mol.mn/article.php?sid=8269
The Foreign Ministry L.Erdenechuluun gave an information on the preparation
for upcoming 5th Conference of New and Restored Democracies to the
representatives of foreign diplomatic offices in Mongolia.
He said, that this rare chance to host this gathering of a global
character in Mongolia is the matter of great honor and has an essential
political significance. As for today, invitations have been sent to
more than 30 countries, 20 international organizations and 50 NGOs.
Recently the National Committee organizing the 5th Conference of New
and Restored Democracies has met and adopted a draft plan of upcoming
works. The UN General Assembly issued a resolution calling all UN
system organizations and its member-states to participate actively
in this conference, which will be titled "Democracy, Good Governance,
US NEWS: Death penalty opponents march to prison
|December 16, 2002 ttp://www.cnn.com/2002/LAW/
CHICAGO, Illinois (AP) -- Former death row prisoners took part Monday
in a 37-mile relay walk from a state correctional center near Joliet
to downtown Chicago, the latest in two days of activities designed
to call attention to flaws in the state's capital punishment system.
About 30 former inmates, each marching a separate leg of the trip
with sympathizers, carried a letter that was later delivered to Gov.
George Ryan, who is considering clemency petitions of more than 140
death row inmates.
The letter urges Ryan to commute all death sentences to life in prison
"The key here is to recognize the human cost of the system that
is broken," said Lawrence Marshall, a law professor at the Northwestern
University School of Law and legal director of the Center on Wrongful
Convictions. "These are people who were all sentenced to die
because the system was completely certain that they were guilty."
Marshall walked the first leg of the relay. Seven former death row
inmates from Illinois also marched, as well as ex-prisoners from other
states including Florida, Louisiana, Texas and New Mexico.
WORLD NEWS: Albright describes Bosnian horrors
December 17, 2002 http://www.cnn.com/2002/WORLD/
||Former U.S. Secretary of State Madeleine Albright
is appearing as a "common witness"
THE HAGUE, The Netherlands -- Former U.S. Secretary of State Madeleine
Albright has described the "unimaginable" horrors of the
1992-95 Bosnian war as reminiscent of World War II.
Albright was speaking on Tuesday in the case against former Bosnian
Serb president Biljana Plavsic -- a key figure in Bosnian Serb ethnic
cleansing plans who later adopted the Dayton peace deal as the way
forward for her country.
Plavsic, once nicknamed the Iron Lady of the Balkans, has pleaded
guilty to one charge of crimes against humanity.
Albright, speaking at the U.N. war crimes tribunal in The Hague,
described her horror when she heard of the killings, rapes, concentration
camps and torture of non-Serbs during the Bosnian conflict.
"It was unimaginable that these kinds of things could be going
on," Albright told the court.
"It seemed to be being done in a deliberate way, not some accident
of a drunken soldier marauding, but part of some kind of plan to
eradicate various groups of people."
She said photographs from war-torn Bosnia were "reminiscent
of pictures that reminded one of World War II."
"I'm very familiar with the horrendous pictures that came out
at the time (of World War II) and it seemed to me a repeat of seeing
people herded into buses and trains...families separated and horrendous
stories coming out in terms of the crimes that were taking place,"
CNN's Christiane Amanpour said: "(Albright) also said that
Biljana Plavsic had had a change of heart because after 1995, after
the Dayton peace process, she decided to co-operate with the international
"Mrs. Albright said, as Secretary of State, she had also had
several conversations and some meetings with Mrs. Plavsic during
the implementation of the Dayton peace process...that while always
straight forward, some conversations were pleasant, some were not.
"But she said that, in the end, Mrs. Plavsic proved to be --
at least from her perspective -- a woman of her word."
Plavsic, once dubbed the "Iron Lady" of the Bosnian war,
faces life in prison after pleading guilty to a count of crimes
The charge relates to the persecution of Bosnian Muslims and Croats
during the 1992-95 conflict, which left 200,000 dead or missing.
||Plavsic, 72, is the highest-ranking figure to
admit atrocities at the U.N. tribunal and the only woman publicly
indicted in its nine-year history. She pleaded guilty last October
to the single charge in exchange for prosecutors dropping seven
other war crimes charges, including two counts of genocide.
Albright, whose long-standing support for The Hague war crimes
court has earned her the tag "mother of the tribunal,"
gave evidence on the second day of the hearing as a so-called "common
She is the most senior U.S. official ever to testify at the tribunal.
Plavsic served as deputy to Bosnian Serb wartime leader Radovan
Karadzic, one of the tribunal's most wanted men, and later took
over from him.
On Monday, prosecutors showed harrowing footage of emaciated Bosnian
Muslim inmates at a Serb-run detention camp in 1992.
A document released to the court said Plavsic admitted to having
"embraced and supported the objective of ethnic separation
by force and contributed to achieving it."
In his opening statement, defence lawyer Eugene O'Sullivan urged
the judges to consider Plavsic's voluntary surrender for trial,
her guilty plea and her statement of remorse.
Also due to testify before the hearing closes, on Thursday, are
former U.N. Balkans envoy Carl Bildt, ex-OSCE mission chief in Bosnia
Robert Frowick and Alex Boraine, a former South African parliamentarian
and leading light in his country's Truth and Reconciliation Commission.
Cigarette brands such as Marlboro Lights and Mild Seven will be
|By Tom Miles
BRUSSELS (Reuters) - Cigarette brands such as Marlboro Lights and
Mild Seven will be banned in the European Union (news - web sites)
from October after the EU's top court on Tuesday threw out a bid by
two tobacco firms to challenge a tough new law.
The European Court of Justice said a ban on descriptions such as "light"
and "mild" on products marketed within the EU was appropriate
to protect public health, although analysts said manufacturers would
find other ways to differentiate cigarette strengths.
"The ban is not disproportionate," the court said in a statement.
"It is not clear that merely regulating those descriptions would
have been as effective in ensuring that consumers receive objective
The court rejected a claim that the law was invalid because the EU
does not have the power to legislate on health policy, and upheld
it as an attempt to harmonize standards in the bloc.
David Davies, senior vice president for corporate affairs at Philip
Morris, said the law would not stop the company selling the brands
that are available now.
"Marlboro Lights, the product as we know it today, will continue
to be sold," he told Reuters. "The use of the word 'light'
is by no means the only way to differentiate our products."
He declined to say what measures the firm would take to comply with
One British-based consumer analyst said the firms were likely to introduce
different color schemes such as "Marlboro Silver" and "Marlboro
Blue" to indicate differing strengths.
The firm, which did not sponsor the court challenge but has about
36 percent of the EU market, currently uses red, gold and silver packaging
on different strengths of Marlboro cigarettes.
NO RIGHT TO APPEAL
The court ruling was the endgame in a two-year battle by cigarette
firms to force the EU to water down the new tobacco law, which also
puts limits on tar and nicotine and demands that cigarette packets
carry big stark warnings about health risks.
The court backed the EU in almost every respect but agreed that
manufacturers such as British American Tobacco and Imperial Tobacco,
who brought the legal action, could continue to make "mild"
and "light" products for export.
"We are very disappointed that all other aspects of the directive
remain valid," said Liz Buckingham, a spokeswoman for Imperial
Tobacco. "We believe it imposes unreasonable measures with
no supporting evidence that they will be effective."
BAT, which says 90 percent of its UK production is exported from
the EU, welcomed the reprieve for exports but said the business
community would view the ruling with concern.
"We seek to maintain the rights of our adult consumers to receive
full information about our products without having to suffer fallout
from the Commission's crusade against the tobacco industry,"
BAT's corporate affairs director said in a statement.
Japan Tobacco, which markets brands belonging to Camel producer
R.J. Reynolds outside the United States, failed to overturn the
law in a previous court challenge.
The firms have no right to appeal the decision.
"This has gone as far as it can go," Imperial's Buckingham
Christopher Wickham, consumer analyst at Lehman Brothers bank in
London, said low-tar cigarette brands unaffected by the ban, such
as BAT's Kent and Gallaher's Silk Cut, were the potential beneficiaries
of the court's ruling.
However, firms would simply use different ways of creating and selling
a brand's image, he said.
"I don't think (the court's ruling) is particularly damaging,
and neither does the market," he said.
BAT shares ended up 3.2 percent and Gallaher closed nearly two percent
higher. On Wall Street, R.J. Reynolds and Philip Morris gained more
than one percent.
Another analyst said extra costs of repackaging and the ban on making
high-tar tobacco within the EU could encourage firms to move production
Davies from Philip Morris said the firm would take the "substantial
costs" of packaging redesign in its stride.
"I don't think this is going to impact our ability to continue
to compete and continue to grow our business in the EU," he
The law also demands health warnings cover 30 percent of the front
of cigarette packets and 40 percent of the back, which the court
said were not excessive.
The European Commission (news - web sites) plans to demand black
and white text warnings initially, but will step up the campaign
by bringing in color photographs around two years later.
"Otherwise we don't get the attention we want to get,"
Commission spokesman Thorsten Muench said.
The Commission will first study what kind of pictures are most eye-catching
and effective, he added.
Similar photographic warnings, such as blackened lungs and yellowed
teeth, are used in Brazil and Canada.
The court's ruling follows a decision last week by health ministers
to ban tobacco advertising on the radio, in newspapers and on the
It adds support to a campaign against smoking in the bloc, where
more than half a million people die of tobacco-related diseases
Jules Maaten, who sponsored the law being challenged through the
European Parliament, said the court had struck a blow for public
"The industry took us to court as usual and yet again has had
to bite the dust. From today onwards, Europe is more advanced than
any other part of the world in combating tobacco addiction,"
he said in a statement.
New standards on the composition of cigarettes made within the EU
for sale or export, including limits on their levels of tar, nicotine
and carbon monoxide, will also take effect from January 1, 2004
as part of the law.
Judge Says Cheney Needn't Give Data on Energy Policy to G.A.O.
Dec 10, 2002 http://story.news.yahoo.com
By ADAM CLYMER The New York Times
WASHINGTON, Dec. 9 Vice President Dick Cheney (news - web sites)
won a major victory today when a federal district judge here threw
out a suit, brought by the head of the General Accounting Office
(news - web sites), to require him to release records of the Bush
administration's energy task force, which Mr. Cheney led.
Though the ruling made no fundamental pronouncement on the separation-of-powers
issues that Mr. Cheney had insisted were at the heart of the case,
it served as a judicial validation for an administration that has
come under criticism as excessively secretive.
The judge, John D. Bates, observed that no court had ever ordered
a president or a vice president to produce information for Congress,
which the General Accounting Office serves as an investigative and
auditing arm. But he avoided deciding between the "competing
theories of the proper balance of power between the legislative
and executive branches," ruling instead that the head of the
accounting office, Comptroller General David M. Walker, lacked standing
Judge Bates, appointed to the bench a year ago by President Bush
(news - web sites), said that Mr. Walker had suffered no "personal,
concrete and particularized injury" and that the institutional
claim he made on behalf of Congress was flawed because neither a
house of Congress nor any Congressional committee had sought the
An appeal is almost certain, although Mr. Walker said he had not
yet decided what to do. "We are very disappointed with the
judge's decision," he said. "We are in the process of
reviewing and analyzing the decision to fully understand the basis
for it and its potential implications."
Mr. Cheney had no comment. But a White House spokeswoman, Claire
Buchan, said: "We are pleased by the judge's decision today.
We believe it is important for the president to receive unvarnished
advice, and this decision supports that."
The fight began on May 7, 2001, when Representatives John D. Dingell
of Michigan and Henry A. Waxman of California, the senior Democrats
on two House committees, asked Mr. Walker to investigate the "conduct
and composition of the task force," which they suggested had
met with "political contributors to discuss specific policies,
rules, regulations and legislation." The two congressmen went
to the accounting office because they had no hope that a committee
of the Republican-controlled House would demand the information.
That spring the task force publicly issued its policy recommendations,
which were generally supported by the energy industry and emphasized
an increase in oil and gas exploration on public land and the building
of more power plants and transmission lines. The policy was submitted
to Congress but stalled in the Senate.
Three months after Mr. Dingell and Mr. Waxman approached the accounting
office, Mr. Cheney argued in a memorandum to Congress that the inquiry
violated the separation of powers laid out in the Constitution.
"A president and his senior advisers," the vice president
said then, "must be able to work in an atmosphere that respects
confidentiality of communications if the president is to get the
good, candid advice and other information upon which wise decision-making
In a series of television interviews, Mr. Cheney cast the inquiry
as an infringement on the power of the executive branch of a sort
he said had repeatedly weakened it over the last three decades.
At one point early this year, he told the Cable News Network that
"there has been a constant, steady erosion of the prerogatives
and the power of the Oval Office and a continual encroachment by
Congress the War Powers Act, Anti-Impoundment and Budget Control
Act, previous instances where presidents have given up, if you will,
"So the office is weaker than it was 30, 35 years ago,"
he said. "What we're committed to is to make sure we preserve
the office, at least as strong as we found it, for our successors."
Despite that position, and the vice president's victory today notwithstanding,
some information related to the task force's contacts has been released
over the course of many months.
Last January, for instance, amid mounting political pressure over
the collapse of the Enron Corporation, long a big campaign contributor
to George W. Bush, Mr. Cheney himself listed half a dozen contacts
that he or his aides had had about energy policy with Enron representatives,
though details of those discussions were not disclosed.
Further, lawsuits brought by the Sierra Club (news - web sites)
and the conservative watchdog Judicial Watch have forced a number
of federal agencies to disclose a variety of information about the
contacts they had with the energy industry as they assisted the
As for the demand from Congressmen Dingell and Waxman, the accounting
office initially asked Mr. Cheney for notes of what had been discussed
at meetings of the task force. Before suing, though, the G.A.O.
scaled back its request, asking only for the names of the staff
members and of people present at the meetings, as well as the task
In dismissing the suit today, Judge Bates wrote, "This case,
in which neither a house of Congress nor any Congressional committee
has issued a subpoena for the disputed information or authorized
this suit, is not the setting for such unprecedented judicial action"
as requiring the executive branch to turn over information to Congress.
He said that because the case raised "core separation-of-powers
arguments at the heart of the relationship among the three branches
of government," his examination of standing must be "especially
rigorous." This follows, he said, from the duty of the courts
to avoid constitutional issues when they can.
But while he said that in this case "any possible injury to
Congress is too vague and amorphous to confer standing," he
suggested that if the facts were different if Congress as a whole
or a committee of Congress were seeking the information that entity
might "have standing to sue to retrieve information to which
it is entitled."
Judge Bates said he was not telling Congress how to exercise its
"Instead," he wrote, "the court only notes that the
availability of an alternate remedy, together with the absence of
voiced Congressional support for this particular lawsuit, counsels
against a conclusion that the exercise of judicial power at this
time is warranted."
Mr. Dingell, the senior Democrat on the House Energy and Commerce
Committee, said that "it is regrettable, but not surprising,
that a newly appointed federal judge chose to look the other way."
"Vice President Cheney's cover-up will apparently continue
for the foreseeable future," Mr. Dingell added, "unless
the Republican Congress demands appropriate disclosure. I'm not
holding my breath."
Mr. Waxman, the ranking Democrat on the House Government Reform
Committee (news - web sites), said the ruling was "convoluted
"The only good news," he said, "is that this decision
is not the final word. It is inconceivable that the appellate court
will uphold the embarrassing reasoning used by the district judge."
US NEWS: Bush Takes Offense to Lott Remarks
|White House - AP
By RON FOURNIER, AP White House Correspondent
WASHINGTON (AP) - President Bush (news - web sites) said Sen. Trent
Lott (news, bio, voting record)'s endorsement of half-century-old
segregationist politics "is offensive and it is wrong,"
orchestrating a party-wide bid to defuse the controversy threatening
Lott's leadership post and Bush's own political prospects.
Bush's spokesman said Lott shouldn't resign as the Senate Republican
leader, but the Mississippi lawmaker's fate remained uncertain.
||"He has apologized, and rightly so,"
the president said Thursday, drawing a lengthy standing ovation
from a multiracial crowd in Philadelphia. Lott's office, given
advance notice of Bush's plans, quickly issued a statement embracing
the rebuke. "Senator Lott agrees with President Bush that
his words were wrong and he is sorry. He repudiates segregation
because it is immoral," said Lott spokesman Ron Bonjean.
Democrats said he should step down, and dug into Lott's past for more
fodder. Even Republicans balanced their shows of public support with
private words of anger and frustration.
Sen. John McCain (news, bio, voting record), a Republican from Arizona,
said Lott must do more to repent.
"I think he has to have a full-blown press conference with an
opening description of his absolute outright hostility to discrimination
in any form," McCain told CNN.
Lott's troubles began with remarks last week at an event marking Sen.
Strom Thurmond (news, bio, voting record)'s 100th birthday. Lott said
Mississippians were proud to have voted for Thurmond in 1948, when
the South Carolina politician was running for president as a staunch
"And if the rest of the country had followed our lead, we wouldn't
have had all these problems over all these years, either," Lott
On Monday, he apologized in a short statement for his "poor choice
When that didn't stem the growing consternation, he apologized again
Wednesday, saying his words were "terrible" and "insensitive."
For days, Bush and his aides remained conspicuously silent on the
matter, hoping it would fade without the president taking the politically
risky step of getting involved.
But the president and his advisers, in meetings Wednesday night and
Thursday morning, determined the flap threatened to undermine the
White House's ability to increase the GOP's paltry support among black
Bush himself received just 9 percent of the black vote in 2000. His
advisers have concluded the president must increase that by several
percentage points to be re-elected.
Unveiling a new policy to integrate religious charities into government
programs, Bush told a crowd that included several black ministers
that America must become "a single nation of justice and opportunity."
"Any suggestion that the segregated past was acceptable or positive
is offensive and it is wrong," he said. "Recent comments
by Senator Lott do not reflect the spirit of our country."
Pausing for applause after every sentence, Bush added, "Every
day our nation was segregated was a day that America was unfaithful
to our founding ideals. And the founding ideals of our nation and,
in fact, the founding ideals of the political party I represent was
and remains today the equal dignity and equal rights of every American."
White House officials said the comments by Bush, Fleischer and Lott
were orchestrated to distance Bush and his party from Lott's remarks
while giving the Mississippi senator a chance to retain his leadership
It is up to Lott and his fellow senators to decide whether he should
retain his position, but Bush decided to weigh in carefully on Lott's
behalf, a senior White House official said.
If the president had wanted to nudge Lott from power, he could have
sent a signal to GOP senators - many of whom credit Bush for their
newly won majority - by letting his remarks stand alone, the official
Instead, after much internal debate, Bush opted to have Fleischer
tell reporters: "The president does not think that Trent Lott
The advisers, who spoke on condition of anonymity, said they tried
to turn Lott's gaffe into a platform for Bush to soften the Republican's
image. Democrats would have none of that.
"It shouldn't take a week and a pattern of examples for the president
to express concern as the head of the nation and the Republican Party,"
Democratic Party chairman Terry McAuliffe said in a written statement.
Democratic strategists privately said the White House succeeded in
shielding Bush from the controversy, if not Lott, at least for now.
Some expressed hopes that Lott will remain in power so his words can
be used against the GOP in two years.
Sen. Rick Santorum (news, bio, voting record), R-Pa., who accompanied
Bush on the brief trip to Pennsylvania, said there has been a lot
of anger among Republicans over the remarks and the subsequent backlash.
"Many of us are passionate about the issue of equal opportunity
and freedom. Anyone suggesting that Republicans don't feel that has
brought out a lot of passion in a lot of people," Santorum said.
Still, he joined a number of GOP senators who voiced support for Lott.
"There's no defense for the statement, but I know the man,"
House Speaker Dennis Hastert, R-Ill., and Sen. Thad Cochran (news,
bio, voting record), R-Miss., expressed similar love-the-sinner, hate-the-sin
Lott serves at the pleasure of fellow senators who elected him leader
of the GOP-led Senate, a fraternity of politicians who don't necessarily
follow Bush's lead. One advantage Lott has is the lack of an obvious
And now Bush has used the presidential seal to give him cover.
"The president did Trent Lott a big favor today," Santorum
After the speech, Lott telephoned Bush at the White House and expressed
his appreciation for the remarks.
Sub skipper on Japan apology trip
|December 15, 2002 http://www.cnn.com/002/WORLD/asiapcf/east/12/15/japan.sub
UWAJIMA, Japan (AP) -- In a highly emotional visit Sunday, the former
captain of a U.S. nuclear submarine that collided with a Japanese
fishing boat laid flowers at a memorial for nine victims to offer
his personal apology.
||No teachers or students watched Waddle pay his respects, and
the only witnesses were members of the media and a few neighbors
of the school.
Retired U.S. Navy Cmdr. Scott Waddle was at the helm of the USS Greeneville
when it surfaced beneath the Ehime Maru on February 9, 2001, sinking
the fisheries high school training boat off the coast of Hawaii, killing
nine of the 35 people aboard.
Wearing a black suit and tie, Waddle bowed deeply as he entered the
victims' school, before walking slowly toward the silver-colored monument
erected in February in memory of the lost lives. He placed a wreath
of white lilies before it. He then bowed again deeply and prayed.
"May your spirits rest in peace," Waddle said after reading
aloud the names of all the victims, and placed a card containing a
message of condolences with the wreath. He was accompanied by two
The vessel had been carrying students, teachers and crew from Uwajima
Fisheries High School in this quiet fishing town in Ehime prefecture
(state), about 680 kilometers (420 miles) southwest of Tokyo.
Many victims' families had said they did not want Waddle to visit.
Deferring to their wishes, local officials did not arrange any official
ceremony or meeting with him.
Waddle had vowed to visit the victims' families in their hometown
before retiring last October, but postponed the trip after Navy officials
said the timing wasn't right.
In a note sent to Japanese media Thursday, he apologized for the
delay and said he hoped his visit might help "ease the pain
of those who are suffering."
Tsuguhide Suzuki, a Japanese lawyer helping with the visit, said
Waddle might privately meet several families and survivors in Uwajima
Only one family, who made a visit by Waddle to Japan a condition
of reaching a compensation settlement with the U.S. Navy, publicly
said they wanted to meet the former skipper. They were likely to
meet him somewhere outside Uwajima, however.
Waddle was reprimanded by a U.S. military court of inquiry, which
decided against a court-martial. He was allowed to retire at full
rank and pension, raising criticism in Japan that he got off lightly.
Principal Kazumitsu Joko refused last month to let Waddle enter
the school but later agreed to accept his visit.
Last month, the families of 33 people aboard the trawler agreed
to a reported $13 million compensation package from the U.S. Navy.
Negotiations between the Navy and two other families are continuing
In April, the Ehime government agreed to $11.47 million in compensation
from the U.S. Navy to cover the costs of the vessel, equipment,
cargo, crew salaries, mental health care for the survivors and the
costs for a memorial service.
Part of the payment went toward the 1.11 billion yen ($9.25 million)
construction of a replacement vessel, which set sail Tuesday.
US NEWS: Court overturns ruling declaring death penalty unconstitutional
December 10, 2002
NEW YORK (AP) -- A federal appeals court Tuesday reversed a lower
court ruling that found the federal death penalty unconstitutional.
The 2nd U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals said precedent set by the
U.S. Supreme Court prohibits it from upholding the ruling.
The lower court ruling was issued earlier this year by Judge Jed
S. Rakoff in a case involving two men charged in a drug-murder conspiracy.
Rakoff said in July that the federal death penalty law as it was
written "denies due process and, indeed, is tantamount to foreseeable,
state-sponsored murder of innocent human beings."
Rakoff ruled that the death penalty was unconstitutional because
too many innocent people have been executed before they could be
In a 35-page decision, the appeals court said the argument "that
execution deprives individuals of the opportunity for exoneration
is not new at all -- it repeatedly has been made to the Supreme
Court and rejected by the Supreme Court."
"There is no fundamental right to a continued opportunity for
exoneration throughout the course of one's natural life," the
appeals panel in Manhattan said.
The appeals court noted that since 1878 the Supreme Court has upheld
death penalty statutes based upon the Constitution's due process
clause and the Eighth Amendment.
In 1972, it said, the Supreme Court first expressly acknowledged
the argument that capital punishment might deprive innocent people
of the ability to exonerate themselves.
In that case, "Furman vs. Georgia," all nine justices
found that the use of a particular state death penalty statute was
so arbitrary that it violated the Eighth Amendment, yet only two
members of the court were willing to hold the death penalty unconstitutional,
the appeals court said.
A telephone message left with a lawyer for defendants in the case
in which Rakoff ruled was not returned.
WORLDNEWS: 'Honor killings' rise in Pakistan
December 12, 2002
ISLAMABAD, Pakistan -- 'Honor killings' have risen in Pakistan,
with 461 women murdered by family members in 2002 for immoral behavior
ranging from adultery, being raped or even cooking poorly, the country's
main human rights body says.
The figure is up 25 percent on last year's reported total of 372,
with at least as many raped as killed in the past twelve months,
the private Human Rights Commission of Pakistan said.
Urging for greater protection of women, the commission called on
the government to increase its commitment to fight the practice.
Most killings are carried out by men to protect their family's honor
for so called immoral behavior such as sex outside marriage, talking
to or dating men, being a victim of rape and even bad cooking skills,
the commission said.
The honor crimes are committed under the belief their actions would
defend a family's reputation.
Explaining the high figure, the rights commission's Kamla Hayat
told The Associated Press news agency the number may have risen
because of an increased willingness to report the crimes as opposition
to the practice grows in some regions.
Relying mainly on data collected from two provinces, the rights
commission said over 300 honor killings took place in Sindh.
In Punjab province, 161 women or girls were killed by relatives.
Only 27 killers were arrested in that province.
Data on the rest of Pakistan, including the tribal rural areas,
was not available, the commission said, as information is difficult
to obtain from such regions.
In June this year, the tribal council-ordered gang rape of a woman
in Punjab sparked national and international outrage.
The young woman, Mukhtiar Bibi, was raped as punishment for her
brother having sex with a woman from another clan. Six men were
convicted of attacking her and sentenced to death.
But in most honor killings, those guilty are not punished.
"Unfortunately, police in Pakistan either don't arrest such
killers or they are not treated as murderers," Hayat told The
Pakistan authorities say they are taking steps to reduce crimes
against women and act when they are reported.
"The government has recently made some changes in the laws
to give more protection to the women, and it will be unfair to say
that the government is quiet on the subject," AP quoted Brig.
Javed Iqbal Cheema, Director General of Pakistan's Interior Ministry,
Among other findings from the commission:
o In Punjab, 67 of the slain women were killed by their brothers,
49 by their husbands and the rest executed by other family members,
including seven cases where sons killed their mothers.
o In November in the southern city of Faisalabad, a woman was hacked
to death with an ax by close relatives on suspicion she was having
"immoral relations" with a man. The man was also killed.
o During the same month, a widow was killed by her brother on suspicion
she was living with a man outside marriage.
In both cases, the perpetrators gave themselves up to police and
are awaiting trial.
US NEWS: Judge rules against cameras in sniper suspect trial
http://www.cnn.com/2002/LAW/12/12/sniper.suspect/ , December 12,
||John Allen Muhammad, right, talks to his court-appointed
attorney Peter Greenspun during Thursday's hearing.
MANASSAS, Virginia (CNN) -- A Virginia judge on Thursday denied
a request from broadcasters to televise the trial of sniper suspect
John Allen Muhammad, saying such coverage could compromise Muhammad's
right to a fair trial.
Additionally, Prince William County Circuit Judge LeRoy Millette
Jr. set an October 2003 date for the start of Muhammad's trial in
the shooting death of a man at a Manassas gas station.
Media outlets, including CNN, had petitioned the judge to allow
Muhammad's trial to be televised, but both defense and prosecuting
attorneys opposed the move, fearing cameras would unnecessarily
disrupt the trial.
Millette said the defendant's right to a fair trial is "paramount,"
and the presence of cameras could intimidate witnesses, affect the
behavior of attorneys and possibly influence jurors.
Representatives of the Radio-Television News Directors Association,
which filed the initial petition to allow cameras, said outside
the courtroom that they were disappointed, and that no case had
ever been overturned because of the presence of cameras in 20 years
of televised trial history.
They said an appeal is under consideration.
At two hearings earlier this year, the judge prohibited video cameras
from the courtroom but allowed a still camera. Muhammad's attorney
unsuccessfully objected to the presence of the camera, saying photographs
of his client in prison garb could prejudice prospective jurors.
In setting the October 14 trial date, Millette set aside eight weeks
for the trial itself, although attorneys said they expect the trial
to last six weeks.
Muhammad spoke only to answer "yes, sir" to Millette's
questions as to whether he was willingly waiving his right to a
speedy trial in the slaying of Dean Harold Meyers.
Law enforcement officials have accused Muhammad, 41, and John Lee
Malvo, 17, in a series of sniper shootings that terrorized the Washington,
D.C., metro area earlier this year, leaving 10 dead and three wounded.
The pair have also been linked to slayings in Louisiana, Alabama
Malvo will first face trial in neighboring Fairfax County for the
Oct. 14 murder of FBI analyst Linda Franklin outside a Home Depot
U.S. Attorney General John Ashcroft decided to send the pair, captured
at a Maryland interstate rest area, to Virginia for prosecution.
In their court filing, Muhammad's attorneys said Ashcroft made his
decision "not to address a fair trial process on all issues,
but rather upon the assumption that Prince William County, Virginia,
would provide the greatest assurance that Mr. Muhammad would receive
the death penalty as easily and quickly as possible."
-- CNN Producer Mike Ahlers and Correspondent Jeanne Meserve contributed
to this report.
US NEWS: Winona Ryder Gets Probation in Shoplifting Case
December 6, 2002 http://www.reuters.com/news
By ill Serjeant
BEVERLY HILLS, Calif. (Reuters) - Actress Winona Ryder was
spared jail time on Friday for shoplifting thousands of dollars
in designer goods, but was ordered by a Beverly Hills judge
to serve three years probation and undergo counseling to come
to grips with a guilt she refuses to admit.
Ryder was sentenced during a contentious hearing in which her attorney
and a prosecutor traded bitter accusations, the judge upbraided
her for refusing to accept responsibility and a lawyer for Saks
Fifth Avenue branded her a "movie star thief."
The 31-year-old actress, dressed in black, made no statement to
the court but wore a pained expression through most of the hearing
and at one point leaped from her seat in shock, her mouth dropping
open, when Deputy District Attorney Ann Rundle accused the defense
of "trotting out" the specter of a dead girl as a ploy
to win the judge's sympathy.
Ryder was convicted on Nov. 6 of grand theft and felony vandalism
for stealing more than $5,560 in goods and damaging a $795 Calvin
Klein purse during a Dec. 12, 2001 shoplifting spree at the Saks
Fifth Avenue branch in Beverly Hills.
Superior Court Judge Elden Fox, who could have sentenced Ryder to
prison, instead imposed probation and 480 hours of community service.
Fox also ordered the "Girl, Interrupted" star to pay more
than $6,300 in restitution to the Beverly Hills store, plus $3,700
in fines to the court.
Rejecting suggestions by defense attorney Mark Geragos during trial
that Ryder had been framed by the Saks security staff and made a
scapegoat by prosecutors, Fox said he was in "full accord"
with the jury's guilty verdicts.
Fox added that the actress had "disappointed many people"
by the shoplifting and by her refusal to admit guilt.
'YOU WILL GO TO JAIL'
"There's going to be a need on your part to confront certain
issues that may be the root cause of what I deem to be aberrant
behavior," the judge said. "What is a concern to me in
this matter is the fact that you have been unable, or maybe more
appropriately described, you have refused to accept personal responsibility
for what happened on December 12."
Fox told Ryder, who was nominated for Oscars for her work in "Little
Women" and "Age of Innocence," that she needed "to
make necessary changes in your life" and warned her "if
you steal again, you will go to jail."
"Do you understand that?" Fox asked her.
"Yes, your honor, I do," she responded.
During the hearing an attorney for Saks, Kenneth Metzner, delivered
an impassioned "victim's impact" statement to the court,
blasting Ryder for appearing on a magazine cover in a "Free
Winona" T-shirt and on a TV program "making light of the
Metzner said members of a Saks security team were subjected to humiliating
invasions of their private lives "because they had the misfortune
of apprehending a movie star thief" and added that Saks lost
$7 million to shoplifters last year.
But Metzner's remarks incensed Geragos, who called the store's contention
that its reputation was damaged during the year-long case "the
height of chutzpah" and said "they have done everything
possible to try to destroy this woman."
'THE BODY OF A DEAD CHILD'
Geragos claimed Saks turned a profit this year "for the first
time in I don't know how long" as a result of the publicity
from the notorious case, which dragged on for nearly a year under
an intense glare of publicity.
The high-profile attorney also accused prosecutors of treating Ryder
harshly because of her celebrity and said a lone act of shoplifting
was outweighed by her life of good works, which included her efforts
on behalf of a 12-year-old Petaluma, California girl who was abducted
and murdered in 1993.
Ryder, who grew up in Petaluma, mounted a reward and publicity campaign
for the safe return of Polly Klaas.
When Rundle angrily responded that she was offended to hear Geragos
"trot out the body of a dead child" for his client's benefit,
Ryder shot out of her seat, clearly shocked, and glared at the prosecutor.
Geragos began to object before Fox cut off the discussion.
Ryder's spokeswoman, Mara Buxbaum, later issued a statement saying
that the actress "accepts responsibility for what happened
on Dec. 12, 2001" and "continuously" tried to resolve
the matter without a trial.
"Winona is relieved to finally put this behind her and is hopeful
that she will be able to restore some modicum of privacy,"
Buxbaum said. "She is grateful for the love she continues to
receive from her family, friends and supporters."
According to court papers released after the hearing, police found
eight prescription drugs in Ryder's possession when she detained
at Saks. The papers said Ryder had used a half-dozen different names
to get the drugs, which included sedatives like Valium and Diazepam
and opiates such as Oxycodone.
Rundle disclosed that Ryder had been involved three times since
May 2000 in suspected shoplifting incidents at other posh stores,
but was never charged. The prosecutor said outside court that "the
only issue remaining is whether Miss Ryder will stop pointing fingers
at others and examine her own behavior."
Court Puts Exxon Valdez Damages at $4 Bln
|Fri December 6, 2002
IRVING, Texas (Reuters) - Exxon Mobil Corp. XOM.N , the world's biggest
publicly traded oil company, said on Friday a federal court in Alaska
has decided it should pay $4 billion in punitive damages for the Exxon
Valdez oil spill.
Exxon Mobil, which argues that it should pay no more than $40 million
for the 1989 tanker accident, said it planned to appeal the order.
The decision was handed down by the federal court in Anchorage and
reduced to $4 billion from $5 billion the amount of punitive damages
awarded last year in connection with the disaster.
The Exxon Valdez supertanker spilled 11 million gallons of crude oil
when it ran aground on a charted reef in Alaska's Prince William Sound.
It was the worst spill from a tanker in U.S. waters and polluted more
than 1,200 miles of shoreline.
The court ruling represents a substantial victory for the plaintiffs
-- including thousands of fishermen, Alaska Natives, property owners,
other individuals and municipalities -- who have pushed for a punitive
verdict of at least $4 billion.
"This ruling flies in the face of the guidelines set by the appeals
court ... It requires us once again to appeal... ", said ExxonMobil's
general counsel, Charles Matthews, in a statement.
The Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals last year declared the $5 billion
punitive damages award "excessive" and sent the case back
to the Anchorage District Court with orders to reduce the amount,
Exxon Mobil noted.
Exxon Mobil has argued in court motions filed earlier this year the
Valdez case lacks the "aggravating factors," such as malicious
actions or violence, that would justify a large punitive award.
|UNITED NATIONS: UN EXPERT EXPRESSES GRAVE CONCERN
OVER RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN SWAZILAND
|4 December 2002 http://www.unhchr.ch/huricane/
The following statement was issued today by the Special Rapporteur
on the independence of judges and lawyers of the United Nations
Commission on Human Rights:
Dato' Param Cumaraswamy, Special Rapporteur of the United Nations
Commission on Human Right on the independence of judges and lawyers,
expresses grave concern over the deterioration of the rule of law
in Swaziland in the wake of a press statement of November 28 2002,
issued by the Prime Minister Sibusiso Dlamini, which resulted in
the resignation of the entire bench of judges of the Court of Appeal,
followed by a work stoppage by the judges of the High Court on December
2 as a mark of protest.
In his press statement, the Prime Minister expressed that his government
"does not intend to recognize the two judgments of the Court
The Special Rapporteur has learnt that one of the two judgments
is with regard to a ruling that King Mswati III had no constitutional
mandate over Parliament for issuing decrees affecting the law. The
particular impugned decree denied bail to rape suspects. The other
ruling of the Court of Appeal was with regard to an order for committal
of contempt of court against the Police Commissioner for disobeying
a High Court order.
It is clear that failure on the part of the government to honour
decisions of constitutionally constituted courts is, Dato' Param
Cumaraswamy said, a blatant breach of what is implied in principle
4 of the United Nations Principles on the Independence of the Judiciary
and article 26 of the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights:
There shall not be any inappropriate or unwarranted interference
with the judicial process, nor shall judicial decisions by the courts
be subject to revision. This principle is without prejudice to judicial
review or to mitigation or commutation by competent authorities
of sentences imposed by the judiciary, in accordance with the law.
States Parties to the present Charter shall have the duty to guarantee
the independence of the Courts and shall allow the establishment
and improvement of appropriate national institutions entrusted with
the promotion and protection of the rights and freedoms guaranteed
by the present Charter.
Further, the action of the Prime Minister has pitted the executive
government of Swaziland not against just the independent Court of
Appeal, its judges and their decisions but against the majesty of
the rule of law which is the very foundation of a democratic state,
the Special Rapporteur added.
These developments must be viewed with grave concern for that region
and could have serious implications for the New Economic Partnership
and Development (NEPAD) initiative in Africa, Dato' Param Cumaraswamy
The Special Rapporteur urges Prime Minister Dlamini to revoke his
press statement, respect the judgments of the Court of Appeal and
restore the rule of law in Swaziland.
US NEWS: Confessed murderer executed in Texas
Rojas said from Death Row last month that he had no regrets about
shooting Jo Ann Reed, 34, between the eyes and then turning the gun
on his brother David Rojas, 43.
||December 4, 2002 HUNTSVILLE, Texas (AP) -- A man
who confessed to the 1994 shooting deaths of his common-law
wife and his brother, whom he suspected of having an affair,
was executed Wednesday night. Leonard Rojas, 52, gave no final
statement before he was injected with the lethal drugs.
The elder Rojas, who was sentenced to death in 1996, had claimed his
wife and brother were lovers and were trying to drug him to death.
Those claims never were proven, said Johnson County assistant district
attorney David Vernon.
The slayings took place in the mobile home the trio shared in Alvarado,
near Forth Worth, Texas.
Rojas was the 32nd person executed in Texas this year.
Supreme Court reviews punishment of anti-abortion protesters
WASHINGTON (CNN) -- Anti-abortion protests have become commonplace
at clinics across the country. Now the Supreme Court is being asked
to clarify how to punish those who cross the line into disruptive,
even violent civil disobedience.
||December 4, 2002
Abortion rights supporters chant and carry signs outside the
Supreme Court before Wednesday's argument.
At issue is whether it is unfair to use federal laws against racketeering
and extortion to go after anti-abortion groups who use, according
to the official court filing, "sit-ins and demonstrations that
obstruct public's access" to medical clinics.
Such anti-racketeering laws have normally been used by federal prosecutors
to go after organized crime.
Supporters on both sides of the abortion issue protested peacefully
on the steps of the Supreme Court building Wednesday.
The National Organization for Women (NOW) first filed a lawsuit on
behalf of the clinics in 1986, and the Court eight years later ruled
in its favor. Leaders of the anti-abortion movement, including Operation
Rescue and the Pro-Life Action Network, filed a new legal claim the
justices will now decide.
As far back as the mid 1980s, anti-abortion groups began offering
"classes" on clinic protest strategies, ranging from picketing
and handling out leaflets, to activists chaining themselves to clinic
Some of the demonstrations turned into violent confrontations, including
threats and attacks on patients and medical workers. In some cases,
clinics were damaged.
While many of the protest tactics are protected free speech, NOW claimed
the confrontations were planned and organized, and represented "a
pattern of extortion." The group cited the Hobbs Act, a federal
law that made it a crime to obstruct or affect interstate commerce
"by robbery or extortion" when "induced by the wrongful
use of actual or threatened force, violence and fear."
Anti-abortion groups objected, arguing an economic motive must be
present in racketeering cases. The groups claim they did not profit
financially from their protests.
In court arguments, attorney Roy Englert, who represents anti-abortion
rights groups, said applying anti-racketeering and anti-extortion
laws to his clients is "an awfully broad use of the language."
Justice Sandra Day O'Connor challenged him, saying, "We're not
talking about conduct that is lawful."
Countered Englert: "But we're not talking about extortion."
Said O'Connor: "To paint a picture where we're talking about
pure speech is not entirely accurate."
NOW's attorney, Fay Clayton, got into a spirited debate with Justice
Antonin Scalia and other justices over whether the actions of the
anti-abortion groups amount to "obtaining of property,"
illegal under anti-extortion laws. Clayton said protests against clinics
represent a loss of control over their business.
Scalia observed that under such reasoning, any kind of protest could
be so interpreted, and "then everything becomes an obtaining
The justices are now being asked to consider whether the Hobbs Act
applies to political or ideological protests, and whether private
groups like abortion clinics can sue under these anti-racketeering
A decision is expected sometime next spring.
The cases are Scheidler v. NOW (No. 01-1118) and Operation Rescue
v. NOW (No. 01-1119)
The cases are Scheidler v. National Organization for Women (No. 01-1118),
and Operation Rescue v. National Organization for Women (No. 01-1119).
Court hears challenge to campaign law
WASHINGTON (AP) -- Brandishing internal corporate memos linking big
donations to government policy, supporters of the nation's campaign
finance law told a federal court Wednesday the new limits on contributions
were necessary to end the corrupting influence of big money on elections.
December 4, 2002 http://www.cnn.com/2002/
Sen. Mitch McConnell, center, accompanied by attorneys Floyd
Abrams, left, and Kenneth Starr, arrives at court Wednesday
for a case about a new campaign finance law.
Donors "give the money because they feel it is a necessary calling
card to get into the door in Congress," argued Richard Bader,
a lawyer for the Federal Election Commission that is defending the
new law against its first legal challenge.
"We think that's enough to uphold the contribution limits,"
Bader told a special three-judge panel hearing the case. He also harkened
memories of the Lincoln Bedroom sleepovers and White House coffees
for donors that occurred during the Clinton fund-raising scandal of
Republican opponents of the law countered that it illegally tramples
on free speech and would force the Republican Party alone to lay off
40 percent of its staff to make up for the loss of big soft money
Both sides aired their arguments over the law that makes the first
major changes to political financing in a quarter century. The high-stakes
case is expected to eventually reach the Supreme Court.
The FEC joined the authors of the law, including Sens. John McCain,
R-Arizona, and Russ Feingold, D-Wisconsin, in trying to convince the
judges that the law was constitutional and should not be overturned.
Attorney Roger Whitten, representing the lawmakers who helped enact
the legislation, cited several examples in which political fund-raising
was linked to public policy, including one memo involving the senator
who is suing to help overturn the law.
Whitten cited a 1999 internal document from PhRMA, a drug lobby, that
was prepared before a meeting the group was having with Sen. Mitch
McConnell, R-Kentucky, who was serving on the committee overseeing
the federal agency that approves drugs and was the chief fund-raiser
for Senate Republicans.
The memo suggested that the pharmaceutical lobby make two points to
McConnell -- one involving pharmaceutical costs and the other noting
the industry was a solid supporter of Republicans and recently gave
$200,000 to GOP committees.
Attorney Kenneth Starr, who is representing McConnell and other opponents
of the law, called the legislation a "dragnet of regulation"
that violated free speech and association guarantees and wrongly infringed
on the right of states to regulate their own elections.
Starr, who gained fame as the special prosecutor who investigated
President Clinton, argued the law wrongly prohibits state and local
parties from using non-federal money for a range of traditional get-out-the-vote
and voter registration activities any time there was a federal candidate
on the ballot -- even if the efforts didn't mention federal candidates.
"The only reasonable conclusion to be reached is that Congress
does indeed in this law regulate state elections," Starr argued.
"It intrudes into state and local parties' ability to be active."
Bobby Burchfield, a lawyer for the Republican National Committee which
also opposes the law, told the court his party would have to lay off
40 percent of its staff by the end of the year because of the new
And he said his party would no longer be able to coordinate election
activities with state and local parties. "This is the core of
American democracy," Burchfield said.
Burchfield told the judges the new law won't reduce special interest
influence in elections as its supporters claim because interest groups
will still be allowed to engage in the same election activities they
always have -- such as ads and get-out-the-vote drives -- even if
the political parties can't.
McConnell and dozens of groups including the RNC, California Democratic
Party, AFL-CIO, American Civil Liberties Union, U.S. Chamber of Commerce
and National Rifle Association contend the restrictions violate free-speech
and other rights.
The law that took effect November 6 bans national party committees
from raising so-called "soft money," unlimited contributions
from corporations, unions and others that parties could spend on non-candidate-specific
activities such as issue ads, get-out-the-vote drives and operating
It also bars a range of interest groups from airing political ads
mentioning federal candidates close to elections. The law's proponents
contend groups have used phony issue ads to evade a prohibition on
the use of union or corporate money to influence federal elections.
The federal court panel scheduled two days of arguments and is expected
to make its ruling early next year. The ruling will set the stage
for an immediate appeal by the losing side to the Supreme Court.
In a landmark 1976 ruling the Supreme Court upheld limits on campaign
contributions but said that restricting political spending violated
free-speech rights. Courts have cited that decision in numerous campaign
Supreme Court refuses to consider juvenile death row case
| December 2, 2002 http://www.cnn.com/2002/LAW/
WASHINGTON (AP) -- The Supreme Court rejected an appeal Monday
from a Mississippi death row inmate who was 17 when he used his
bike as a getaway vehicle in a fatal convenience store robbery.
Lawyers for Ronald Chris Foster wanted the court to use the case
to decide if it is unconstitutional for states to execute juvenile
defendants. Four justices said this fall that the court should ban
"Whether it is constitutional to execute a 17-year-old is not
properly before the court in this case," justices were told
in court papers by Marvin White, a Mississippi assistant attorney
Foster was convicted in the 1989 death of a convenience store clerk
during a robbery.
One of Foster's attorneys, Silas McCharen, said that Foster had
the mental maturity of a 13-year-old. Foster rode his bike to the
store that day, he said. He had no weapon, but the clerk was shot
with a gun that was kept at the store.
McCharen said the court should either bar executions of people under
18 or require lower courts to first consider defendants' maturity
and culpability before allowing the death penalty.
States may impose the death penalty on killers who were 16 or 17
at the time of their crimes. Of the 38 states that allow the death
penalty, 16 prohibit it for those under 18.
"Now is the time for this court to acknowledge that our national
standards of decency no longer permit the execution of juvenile
offenders anywhere in the United States," McCharen wrote in
a court filing.
The case is Foster v. Johnson, 02-6655.
Right to hold Guantanamo detainees challenged in appeals court
|From Rich Dubroff
December 2, 2002 http://www.cnn.com/2002/LAW
Detainees at the Guantanamo Bay facility.
WASHINGTON (CNN) -- Lawyers for 15 men accused of being Taliban or
al Qaeda terrorists argued Monday before a U.S. Appeal Court that
they should have the right to meet with their clients, who are being
held on the U.S. naval base at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
The lawyers, who were retained by the detainees' families, said the
detainees are not being allowed to see either their families or their
||Twelve Kuwaitis, two Britons and an Australian
citizen who were arrested in Afghanistan and Pakistan and have
been detained in Guantanamo for many months in what the attorneys
argued is a violation of the Geneva Convention. "The government
can not hold people entirely without their rights," said
Joe Marguilies, who is representing British citizens Shafiq
Rasul and Asif Iqbal.
Deputy Solicitor General Paul Clement said that because of last year's
terrorist attacks, it is necessary to detain the men at Guantanamo
"for their own protection and to prevent them from re-enlisting."
It also facilitate intelligence gathering, he said.
Federal District judges A. Raymond Randolph, Stephen Williams and
Merrick Garland questioned both Marguilies and Tom Wilner, who is
representing the 12 Kuwaitis.
"The military made a judgment to detain them in Guantanamo. Why
are they not enemies?," Randolph asked Marguilies.
Clement said that it is accepted practice for detainees to be held
thousands of miles away from the battlefield in a time of war. "As
an enemy combatant, the U.S. can detain you without the right to meet
with family and without access to counsel."
Marguilies said that President Bush has not officially designated
the 15 as members of al Qaeda or the Taliban. "These are citizens
of a friendly nation. You can't presume enemy status," he said.
A decision is expected in several months.
Oregon governor apologizes for forced sterilizations
December 3, 2002 http://www.cnn.com/2002/LAW/
Oregon governor apologizes for forced sterilizations
Past eugenics law imposed on hundreds of women
|Oregon Gov. John Kitzhaber, right, speaks to a
packed Capitol ceremonial office filled with some Oregonians
that were victims of the past forced sterilization procedure.
SALEM, Oregon (AP) -- Gov. John Kitzhaber formally apologized Monday
for Oregon's past eugenics law that led to the forced sterilization
of hundreds of people.
Girls in reform school, people in mental institutions and poor women
selected by welfare workers were among the more than 2,500 Oregonians
subjected to sterilizations under a law that stood from 1917 to
"To those who suffered, I say the people of Oregon are sorry,"
Kitzhaber said during a ceremony in the governor's office. "Our
hearts are heavy for the pain you endured."
He is the second governor to atone for state eugenics laws after
Virginia Gov. Mark Warner, who also erected a memorial in May to
the first woman sterilized under the policy.
Among the dozens of people who crowded into Kitzhaber's office for
Monday's ceremony was Velma Haynes, 68, who was sterilized at age
15 while living at the Fairview Training Center, a state-run institution
for the mentally ill and retarded.
Haynes called the state's acknowledgment of wrongdoing "long
overdue," but praised Kitzhaber's effort to make things right.
"I want to thank you for taking the time to apologize,"
Haynes told the governor. "Your apology is appreciated and
Not everyone was satisfied. Ken Newman, 61, who said he was given
a vasectomy without his consent when he was a teen living at Fairview,
said the governor's remarks don't erase what happened.
"I want more than an apology. I want to be compensated,"
Newman said. The law was based on the pseudoscientific movement
that sought to prevent people considered "unfit" or "defective"
from having children. After 1967, the Oregon law was chiefly used
to sterilize those with mental illness or mental disability.
US NEWS: Affirmative action case awaits Supreme Court review
|November 27, 2002 http://www.cnn.com
From William Mears
WASHINGTON (CNN) -- In what could be one of the most significant decisions
on equal opportunity in education, the Supreme Court will decide Wednesday
whether to review affirmative action programs in the nation's universities.
A ruling could change the way large, public universities attempt to
recruit minority students.
At issue is whether race can be used as a factor in admissions to
state-funded colleges, to increase diversity among the student body.
Justices would be asked to decide whether a state has a "compelling
interest" to promote a diverse student body, or whether the Equal
Protection Clause of the 14th Amendment forbids giving one ethnic
group or culture special advantages over another.
Justices will meet in a closed-door session to decide whether to accept
the case for review. An announcement from the bench is expected Monday.
Chief Justice William Rehnquist will not attend the meeting, after
undergoing knee surgery Tuesday. He could participate by phone, said
spokeswoman Kathy Arberg.
The case involves Barbara Grutter's 1995 application to the University
of Michigan law school. It was rejected, despite what she said was
"very strong" expertise in a variety of fields.
"I have a lot of experience I could have brought to that class,"
she told CNN three years ago, when the case was being appealed.
Along with two other applicants, she sued, accusing the university
of rejecting white applicants because of their race, and using unfair
standards to admit lesser-qualified minorities. They want race taken
out of the admission process.
The law school says it has the right to use race in recruiting students,
and also the responsibility.
"We take race into account as a factor among many in order to
pursue the educational benefit of diversity," university lawyer
Liz Barry told CNN in 1998. A federal appeals court in May upheld
the university's law school admissions process.
Second Michigan case may complicate ruling
Another complication that could prevent justices from agreeing to
accept the case this term: a companion case from the University of
Michigan dealing with undergraduate admissions. A federal appeals
court has yet to rule on the undergraduate dispute, and the Supreme
Court rejected an appeal to have both Michigan cases heard together.
|Jennifer Gratz, left, and Barbara
||If the Court were to strike down the Michigan
law school's admissions policy, universities would be forced
to change how they accept minorities. Affirmative action programs
in general could also be radically affected. But it is unclear
whether the justices will want to take on so contentious an
issue. Several members on the nine-person court have publicly
expressed strongly conflicting opinions on affirmative action,
and some legal expert predict the justices will refuse to hear
the case, fearing an uncertain outcome in a divided Court.
In that case, Jennifer Gratz was denied admission to the school in
1995. In her lawsuit against the school, she claims Michigan essentially
runs two admissions systems to get a pre-determined racial mix of
A controversial part of Michigan's admission policy was a 150-point
scale used to grade an applicant's record. African Americans, Latinos
or Native Americans automatically received 20 points for their race,
which could have raised their grade a full point on a 4.0 scale. The
point scale is no longer used at the school.
Mixed rulings stir controversy
Affirmative action programs were originally created to correct racial
and cultural discrimination, dating from the days of slavery and public
segregation. But advocates on both sides of the issue agree the initiatives
have proven controversial, and enforcement has been often been applied
in a random and confusing way.
One reason: the Supreme Court's ambiguous ruling in 1978 Bakke case,
the last time the Court addressed affirmative action in public universities.
The Court ruled the University of California at Davis could not hold
a quota of places for minorities. But writing in support of the decision,
the late Justice Lewis Powell wrote, "The goal of achieving a
diverse student body is sufficiently compelling to justify consideration
of race... under some circumstances."
Since then, federal courts around the country have split on whether
affirmative action in higher education is constitutional. In legal
briefs filed with the Court, lawyers from both sides of the University
of Michigan law school case argued now is the time for the justices
to give a clear, definitive ruling on the issue.
If the Court agrees to hear the case, both sides could present arguments
in late winter/early spring 2003. A ruling from the bench would likely
come near the end of the term in June.
The case is Grutter v. Bollinger (No. 02-241).
US NEWS: Bush apologizes over schoolgirl deaths
| November 27, 2002 http://www.cnn.com/2002/WORLD/
||South Korean protesters use blood from their fingers
to write the slogans on the national flag during an anti-U.S.
rally at Camp Casey in South Korea
SEOUL, South Korea (AP) -- President Bush has apologized for
the deaths of two South Korean girls struck by a U.S. military
vehicle more than five months ago. The apology came several
days after Sgt. Fernando Nino and Sgt. Mark Walker of the 2nd
Infantry Division were acquitted by a U.S. military court of
negligent homicide charges in the June 13 road deaths of Shim
Mi-son and Shin Hyo-sun, both 13.
Earlier Wednesday, Nino and Walker also issued their first public
apologies since the accident.
Their acquittals on separate days last week triggered an outcry among
South Koreans who said the trial was a whitewash. Some small demonstrations
have turned violent.
"Just this morning, the president sent me a message asking me
to convey his apologies to the families of the girls, to the government
of the Republic of Korea and to the people of Korea," U.S. Ambassador
Thomas Hubbard said at a news conference.
Hubbard said Bush asked him to express "his sadness and regret
over this tragic incident and to reiterate the United States' commitment
to work closely with the Republic of Korea to help prevent such accidents
from occurring in the future."
U.S. military officials in South Korea have repeatedly apologized
for the incident, and Secretary of State Colin Powell has also expressed
regret. It was unclear whether Bush's apology would help calm a growing
sense of outrage in South Korea, which hosts 37,000 U.S. soldiers.
On Tuesday, dozens of activists broke into the U.S. military base
Camp Red Cloud, north of Seoul, to protest the acquittals.
There were no clashes between the intruders and American soldiers,
he said. The protesters were apprehended by South Korean police.
In statements, the two soldiers offered condolences to the families
of the girls.
"I realize nothing that I can do or say will bring your daughters
back, but I hope that you will accept my deepest apology," said
Nino, commander of the mine-clearing vehicle that hit the girls June
13 during a training mission near North Korea. His hometown was not
"Even though it was an accident, I feel great remorse over this
tragedy," said Walker, the driver, who's from Acworth, Ga.
The soldiers' acquittals led to a renewal of calls by South Koreans
for the revision of a U.S.-South Korean military accord so that South
Korea has more jurisdiction in cases involving U.S. soldiers.
However, South Korean Justice Minister Shim Sang-myoung said there
were no plans to change the accord, which has been revised twice since
Currently, the U.S. military has jurisdictional rights over American
soldiers accused of crimes while on duty, though it can allow South
Korea to try them on a case-by-case basis.
About 37,000 American soldiers are based in South Korea.
WORLD NEWS: Germany To Cooperate with U.S. on Moussaoui Trial
November 28, 2002
||Berlin will provide Washington with evidence for
the trial of Moussaoui, the only person charged in the U.S.
for a role in the Sept. 11 attacks. America has promised it
will not use the material to support his execution.Germany will
be handing over information and evidence to the United States
on Zacarias Moussaoui, a French national of Moroccan descent
who stands accused of conspiring with the Sept. 11 hijackers
to commit terrorism in the U.S.
The decision is being hailed as a breakthrough in German-American
cooperation in the war against terror. Negotiations between the
two sides had been stalled since spring because Germany's constitution
prohibits the death penalty and the submission of material that
could lead to capital punishment.
"The United States of America has assured that the evidence
and information submitted by Germany will not directly or indirectly
be used against the defendant or against a third party towards the
imposition of the death penalty," the German government said
in a statement released by its embassy in Washington.
A further step in cooperation against terror
||German Justice Minister Brigitte Zypries of the
ruling Social Democratic Party has called the agreement "a
further contribution in our joint fight against international
She said countries participating in the anti-terror coalition should
"support each other in the area of criminal proceedings as
far as each of their national constitutions allow." A Justice
Ministry spokeswoman in Berlin told Reuters the move did not indicate
a change in Germany's position. "What has happened is that
the United States has made it possible for Germany to assist with
France ready to help, too
Separately, France like Germany, which also bans the death penalty
and has previously resisted U.S. requests, has also agreed to cooperate
with the United States in furnishing information on Moussaoui.
"Consistent with its position during this whole affair, the
French government has obtained guarantees from the United States
that any information passed on will not be used... with the aim
of pronouncing or executing the death penalty," French Justice
Minister Dominique Perben said in a statement.
Moussaoui denies involvement in attacks
Zacarias Moussaoui was arrested in the U.S. state of Minnesota on
immigration violations in August 2001, a month prior to the attacks
on New York and Washington.
He faces six charges of conspiring to carry out the Sept. 11 aircraft
attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon, which killed
more than 3,000 people. Four of those charges carry the death penalty.
Moussaoui has denied involvement in the attacks, but has admitted
to being a member of al Qaeda, which the U.S. blames for the attacks.
Links to Atta?
German investigators are reported to have evidence linking Moussaoui
to Mohammed Atta (photo), the leader of the Hamburg al Qaeda terror
cell who is believed to be the man who piloted the first plane that
crashed into the World Trade Center.
According to media reports, the U.S. is particularly interested
in obtaining two money transfer slips from the basement of the Frankfurt-based
Reisebank, which prosecutors believe will prove the French citizen
had a direct link to Atta's Hamburg cell.
Only a fringe player?
The indictment against Moussaoui says that he made several telephone
calls from Oklahoma to a number in Dusseldorf between July 29 and
Aug. 4, 2001.
During his Aug. 16 arrest, police found a phone book in Moussaoui's
possession listing the Dusseldorf number, a second number in Germany
and the name "Ahad Sabet." Moussaoui's indictment said
that "Sabet" was actually Binalshibh (photo), an al Qaeda
operative now in U.S. custody, who had wired Moussaoui $14,000 from
Dusseldorf and Hamburg between Aug. 1-3, 2001.
Earlier this month, U.S. officials said Ramzi Binalshibh told them
Moussaoui was only a backup in the Sept. 11 attacks because he could
not be trusted to keep a secret.
Experts say Binalshibh's statements could weaken the U.S. government's
case for seeking the death penalty for Moussaoui, whose trial is
now slated to begin in June 2003.
"Modern Mongolia: Reclaiming Genghis Khan" opens July 3
at the Smithsonian's National Museum of Natural History.
Using the traditional home of Mongolian nomads as backdrop, the exhibition
invites visitors to experience 20th-century Mongolian life and discover
Genghis Khan's lasting legacy to his people. The exhibition is on
view through Oct. 31 (It is still on view!).
--A life-size early 20th-century ger, a traditional dwelling for nomads
and treasure of the Mongolian people, still home to almost half of
--Two half-gers showing the changes in lifestyle experienced during
the last century
--Hands-on area where visitors can try on an authentic Mongolian robe,
touch a traditional Mongolian saddle, and tug on a real horsehair
--Film by exhibition curator Paula Sabloff, presenting the nature
of politics and the cultural lifestyle in modern Mongolia.
WORLD NEWS: China Jails 30 People for Internet Use - Amnesty
November 26, 2002
BEIJING (Reuters) - Human rights group Amnesty International urged
China on Wednesday to free at least 30 people jailed for using the
Internet to share information or express their views.
China had detained or imprisoned at least 33 people for offences
related to Internet use, but two adherents of the Falun Gong (news
- web sites) spiritual movement, banned in 1999 and declared an
"evil cult," had died in custody, the group said in a
"Everyone detained purely for peacefully publishing their views
or other information on the Internet or for accessing certain Web
sites are prisoners of conscience," the London-based organization
China's Foreign Ministry spokesman Kong Quan said he had not seen
the Amnesty report, but added: "The Amnesty International organization
in the past has often issued statements with no basis whatsoever."
"China is country ruled by law," he said. "All people
must abide by the laws and regulations."
Amnesty said among those held was former police officer Li Dawei,
who was sentenced to 11 years in prison for downloading articles
from pro-democracy Web sites abroad, it said.
The government had gone so far as to filter foreign sites, create
a special Internet police and even shut down Web pages posting politically
incorrect fare, the rights group said.
In late August, China blocked access to Internet search engine Google
(news - external web site) in a media clampdown ahead of the watershed
16th Party Congress earlier this month, when President Jiang Zemin
(news - web sites) handed power to a new generation of leaders.
"Internet users are increasingly caught in a tight web of rules
restricting their fundamental human rights," the group said.
"Anyone surfing the Internet could potentially be at risk of
arbitrary detention and imprisonment."
China, the world's most populous nation, is second only to the United
States in Web traffic.
It had 45.9 million Internet users at the end of October and is
expected to become the largest Internet market in the world in four
(With reporting by Jonathan Ansfield)
US NEWS: Homeland security agency a reality
WASHINGTON, Nov. 25
President Bush on Monday formalized the biggest government
reorganization in more than 50 years, signing legislation
creating a Department of Homeland Security. Bush, who promised
the massive new agency will "focus the full resources
of the American government on the safety of the American people,"
also nominated homeland security adviser Tom Ridge to be the
department's first leader.
To see full Report visit: http://www.msnbc.com/news/833668.asp
WORLD NEWS: France's release of Maurice Papon: an incitement to
Marianne Arens and Francois Dubois
10 October 2002
Following a surprise decision by the French court of appeals, Maurice
Papon, a former high-ranking official in the Nazi puppet regime
of Marshal Petain and prefect of police under Charles de Gaulle,
was released from a Paris prison on September 19.
As secretary general of the Gironde prefecture from 1942 to 1944,
Papon organised the deportation of approximately 1,600 French Jews
from the Bordeaux area to Auschwitz, where almost all were murdered
in the Nazi gas chambers. As the Paris prefect of police under Charles
de Gaulle during the Algerian war in the 1960s, he was responsible
for an armed attack on a peaceful demonstration of 30,000 Algerians
in Paris, the arrest of 12,000 of them and the brutal murder and
dumping into the river Seine of hundreds more.
After a 16-year struggle by relatives of his Jewish victims to bring
Papon to justice, he was finally sentenced in 1998 to 10 years imprisonment
for "complicity in crimes against humanity". However,
he was again set free when his lawyers appealed the verdict. Prior
to these appeal proceedings, Papon had fled to Switzerland to avoid
being taken into custody, but he was brought back to France and
locked up in the Sante prison in the autumn of 1999.
Scarcely three years later, he is once again free, though he served
less than a third of his sentence.
The official reason for Papon's release from custody was the 92-year-old
man's alleged poor state of health. Papon's lawyers were able to
base their case on what the press called the "Papon amendment",
recommended by the Senate in July 2000 and ratified on March 4,
2002. According to this amendment, gravely ill people are to be
released from custody on humanitarian grounds if two doctors confirm
that further detention would constitute a serious risk of death.
The French newspaper Le Monde reported that Papon is only the second
known prisoner to take advantage of this law.
In reality, Papon's case has nothing to do with humanitarian concern
for a dangerously ill prisoner. French prisons are full of people
suffering from cancer, AIDS and other illnesses, who could have
been released long ago. In contrast to these, Papon obviously enjoys
astoundingly good health for a person of his age. He was seen leaving
gaol erect and striding energetically.
A former fellow inmate gave the press a description of Papon's condition.
Didier Schuller was the superintendent of a municipal housing unit
before he was placed under arrest for corruption in February and
occupied a cell near Papon's for a few days in the VIP quarter of
the Sante prison. He told Le Parisien newspaper:
"Maurice Papon is completely obsessed with his court case and
spent his whole time in gaol picking to pieces all the testimony
presented against him.... He'll fight to his last breath to draw
attention to his case. No way is he a feeble old man, he's completely
determined.... I was astounded by his enormous willpower. He's self-controlled,
clear-headed, has a grisly sense of humour and a fiery, razor-sharp
type of anger. He's completely obsessed with revenge and securing
his own rehabilitation."
Immediately after Papon's release, his lawyer, Jean-Marc Varaut,
announced that this was only the first step towards Papon's complete
rehabilitation, which he would now pursue with all his strength.
Papon himself never tires of claiming that he is the victim of a
"conspiracy of Jews and Freemasons".
In public, the government led by Jean-Pierre Raffarin has distanced
itself from the court's decision to free Papon. It is obviously
afraid that the decision could lead to public unrest or international
protest. French President Jacques Chirac rejected Papon's pleas
for clemency on two occasions in April and July, shortly before
and after the presidential and parliamentary elections.
On the day of Papon's release, the ministerial conference at the
Elysee discussed his case. Following the conference, Minister of
Justice Dominique Perben told the press that the Department of Justice
viewed the matter differently than the court of appeals: "We
believe that his continued detention is warranted, considering the
seriousness of the crimes attributed to him." He went on to
say that "ways would be sought" to lodge a legal challenge
to the appeals court decision to release Papon.
Several Jewish and civil rights organisations vehemently opposed
Papon's release. Michel Slitinsky, president of the Association
of Families of Deportation Victims, who has fought for decades to
have Papon placed behind bars, bitterly protested the court's action:
"The fact was not taken into account that Papon had dragged
six old Jewish men suffering from heart conditions out of their
beds in October 1942." Hundreds took to the streets to protest
Papon's release and demonstrated in the area of Paris's Velodrome
d'Hiver, where in July 1942 13,000 Jews, including 4,015 children,
were herded together before being taken away to the concentration
At the same time there has been tacit approval of Papon's release
from the ranks of the political elite. It is obvious that Papon
is not alone in seeking his rehabilitation. Rather, he is supported
by a whole group that has been backing him for decades. Two former
Gaullist prime ministers, Raymond Barre and Pierre Messmer, have
sided with Papon in public.
Barre, prime minister during the presidency of Giscard d'Estaing
in 1978, made Maurice Papon his minister of finance. At the time,
the head of the cabinet in which Papon served was Jean-Louis Debre
(Union for a Presidential Majority-UMP), today's president of the
National Assembly. Debre laconically welcomed Papon's release as
a "logical decision".
Pierre Messmer was a comrade-in-arms of Charles de Gaulle, his minister
of war from 1960 to 1969 (including 1961, when Papon organised the
massacre of the Algerians in Paris) and prime minister from 1972
to 1974. Today he is president of the Charles de Gaulle Foundation
and a member of the French Academy. He has consistently defended
Papon and testified on his behalf at the trial in Bordeaux four
Support for Papon is not limited to prominent Gaullists, however.
In July, the European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg came to
Papon's aid, reproaching France for an "unfair procedure"
because Papon had been refused the right of appeal after his flight
to Switzerland. The French state was ordered to reimburse the Nazi
collaborator with court costs amounting to 30,000 euros.
A large number of prominent politicians have expressed understanding
for the indignation of the surviving relatives of the concentration
camp victims. They contend, however, that Papon's discharge was
the correct decision from a humanitarian point of view.
Francois Hollande, the secretary of the Socialist Party, declared:
"If his state of health corresponds to the conditions laid
down for an obligatory release, then I have nothing more to say
about the matter." Marylise Lebranchu, a former socialist justice
minister, stressed that the decision of the Paris court of appeals
was a matter of "sovereign jurisdiction". Even Michel
Tubiana, the president of the League of Human Rights, expressed
his sympathy for the release on humanitarian grounds.
One of the driving forces behind Papon's release is Robert Badinter
(Socialist Party), today a senator and formerly a confidant of Francois
Mitterrand. Over the last 12 months, he has been beating the drums
for Papon's release and tirelessly preaching that "humanity
should triumph over crime". Badinter was minister for justice
under Mitterrand from 1981 to 1986 and was known as a liberal because
he had abolished the death penalty on assuming office in 1981.
The stance taken by people formerly considered liberals, like Badinter,
demonstrates that Papon's release is not simply a reaction on the
part of a caste of incorrigible old reactionaries. In reality, Maurice
Papon's release from custody constituted a political statement.
Four months ago, the streets of France were full of young people
who marched en masse to condemn the electoral gains of Jean-Marie
Le Pen. At the time, Chirac was portrayed by the whole political
establishment as the French Republic's bulwark against fascism.
Today the lawyer Veraut-who, according to press reports, grew up
in an environment of extreme right-wing groups such as Action Francais
and Opus Dei, with which he maintains contact to this day-ensures
that Papon is freed from prison. His release is being actively supported
or mutely accepted by numerous well-known politicians, from Gaullists
to members of the Socialist Party.
Papon's release and the prospect of his potential rehabilitation
amount to a political appeal to finally dispense with the so-called
"Vichy syndrome". While for 60 years French society frowned
upon Petain's dictatorship as being incompatible with parliamentary
democracy, now it is regaining respectability. The working class
should take this as a serious warning.
US NEWS: Texas judge OKs filming of jury deliberations
By Pam Easton
Nov. 25, 2002 | HOUSTON (AP) -- A Texas judge turned aside prosecution
objections Monday and cleared the way for what legal experts say
would be the nation's first TV documentary to film jury deliberations
in a death penalty case.
District Judge Ted Poe said the film would be educational for the
public and said there is no state law prohibiting it. He promised
to revisit the issue as deliberations approach, if prosecutors object
The case involves 17-year-old Cedric Harrison, who is charged with
fatally shooting a man during a carjacking last June. Jury selection
The judge has approved a request from "Frontline," an
award-winning PBS program whose producers say they want their documentary
to promote understanding of capital justice.
The plan calls for an unobtrusive ceiling camera and no full-time
cameraman. Videotapes would be sealed and kept by the court until
after the verdict.
PBS has the approval of Harrison and his attorneys.
"We're doing it because this is a 17-year-old man that the
state of Texas is attempting to kill," defense attorney Ricardo
Rodriguez said during Monday's hearing in which Poe declined to
reconsider his Nov. 11 decision allowing the filming. "We're
going to make sure everything is done correctly."
Prosecutor Warren Diepraam said filming deliberations would cause
"great harm" and could endanger the panel later.
"The process is supposed to be secret," he said. "The
defendant or his family could use the deliberation process (for
retaliation) after it is published."
Prosecutors have asked the Court of Criminal Appeals, the state's
highest criminal court, to bar the filming or delay the trial until
the issue can be resolved.
Henry Schleiff, chairman and chief executive officer of Court TV,
which has broadcast about 800 trials in the last 11 years, said
the network has never asked to film jury deliberations.
"It's something we have not tried to do and we are actually
against," Schleiff said.
Richard Dieter, director of the Death Penalty Information Center,
said it is the first time he has ever heard of a camera being allowed
in a deliberation room during a capital case.
"The precedent is almost always jury deliberations are private,"
he said. "You put them in a private room and even the judge
doesn't know what is going on unless they come out with questions.
It doesn't sound like a good thing."
Poe, a former prosecutor who was appointed to the bench in 1981,
is well known in Houston. He has forced convicts to carry signs
outside the courthouse proclaiming their crime and earlier this
year said a teacher convicted of having sex with a student was "a
bigger threat to our culture and our students than Osama bin Laden
and his cave dwellers."
In the Harrison case, the judge said only 14 of the 110 jurors who
filled out jury questionnaires voiced a concern about the filming.
"If I thought (cameras in the courtroom) would affect anybody's
decision, I wouldn't do it," Poe told the Houston Chronicle.
"I would never do anything in a trial to jeopardize justice.
I believe we have the best system there ever has been. We shouldn't
be ashamed of how it works. Let's show it off."
University of Texas law professor George Dix said Poe's decision
is contrary to the tradition of protecting deliberations.
"Juries need to be free to do what they see as best without
fearing repercussions from the community and this seems to fly in
the face of that," Dix said.
Still, if deliberations are filmed, Dix said: "I would like
to get a copy for my class."
WORLD NEWS: Turkmen President Escapes Assassination Attempt
November 25, 2002
By Marat Gurt
ASHGABAT, Turkmenistan (Reuters) - Turkmenistan's President Saparmurat
Niyazov escaped an assassination attempt Monday when submachine
gun fire raked a motorcade thought to be carrying him, but he said
he already was at work and only found out later about the attack.
The attack occurred at around 7 a.m. in the center of Ashgabat,
capital of the former Soviet republic ruled by Niyazov, who tolerates
no opposition and has been named president for life by a compliant
parliament that routinely rubber-stamps his proposals.
"I had not the slightest idea (of the attack) and was already
at work when I was told a shootout was taking place," said
"All (involved in the attack) have been arrested and are now
giving evidence," he said.
No further details of the arrests were immediately available.
Niyazov has ruled Turkmenistan as head of state since the collapse
of the Soviet Union in 1991 and has developed a huge personality
cult in his country. One of his official titles is Saparmurat Turkmenbashi
the Great. Turkmenbashi means Leader or Father of all the Turkmen.
Niyazov accused four former government ministers and officials of
being behind the attack -- former Foreign Minister Boris Shikhmuradov,
former central banker Khudoiberdy Orazov, former Deputy Agriculture
Minister Sapar Yklymov, and Nurmukhammed Khanamov, a former ambassador
The president appeared calm in state television news pictures of
a government meeting, only mentioning the assassination attempt
after discussing routine official business at length.
Shikhmuradov has long been a wanted man by Turkmenistan, a country
rich in natural gas and bordered by Afghanistan (news - web sites)
He was sent as ambassador to China after eight years as foreign
minister, but in October 2001 was recalled to Ashgabat. He refused
to return and instead moved to Moscow, where he became an outspoken
critic of Niyazov.
Turkmenistan immediately launched a criminal case against him, charging
him with stealing, among other things, five MiG fighter aircraft,
over 11,000 Kalashnikov rifles, and millions of rounds of ammunition.
It is still seeking his extradition.
Ashgabat was calm Monday evening. The atmosphere was little different
from normal with the city tightly patrolled by police and soldiers,
but with a slightly greater security presence outside the presidential
Niyazov's lengthy rule started in 1985 when he became communist
party boss of what was then the Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic.
Ashgabat, which has been largely rebuilt on a grandiose scale over
the last few years, is festooned with billboards and statues of
One gold statue on top of a huge tower vaguely reminiscent of the
Eiffel Tower revolves once every 24 hours so the figure of Niyazov
can gaze continuously over the whole city.
It was under the name Turkmenbashi that he wrote his most famous
book, "Ruhnama," a spiritual guide for Turkmens that he
says was inspired by God. It is now compulsory in school from the
age of 8, and is on the syllabus right through university.
In August, Niyazov made headlines worldwide when he renamed the
month of January, calling it Turkmenbashi. Another month is now
named after his mother, and another is called Ruhnama.
Turkmenistan was one of the poorest republics in the Soviet Union
but since independence has seen its economy grow on the back of
the world's third-largest natural gas reserves and an important
US NEWS: Court overturns ruling on vets' free lifetime health
November 19, 2002
From Terry Frieden
WASHINGTON (CNN) -- A federal appeals court Tuesday ruled that
the U.S. government does not owe free lifetime medical care to World
War II and Korean War veterans who agreed to serve 20 years in exchange,
despite promises made to them when they were in the armed forces.
The ruling represents a victory for the federal government, which
had argued the veterans were not entitled to the benefits. The ruling
will potentially save the government billions of dollars in health
The 9-4 ruling by the full U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal
Circuit in Washington, D.C., overturns a ruling by a three-judge
appeals panel in February, 2001, which ruled that the veterans were
entitled to the lifetime health care based on the military's promises.
In the opinion issued Tuesday the Court said that action taken this
year allows for free care in the future, but that the government
is not obligated to pick up the medical expenses incurred from 1995
"Because [the law] at most authorizes space available treatment
and not free health insurance for life, we hold that the Air Force
Secretary lacked the authority in the 1950s when plaintiffs joined
to promise free and full medical care," the Court majority
The majority of judges, however, clearly seemed sympathetic to the
veterans against whom they ruled.
"We ... can do no more than hope Congress will make good on
the promises recruiters made in good faith to plaintiffs and others
of the World War II and Korean War era from 1941 to 1956 when Congress
enacted its first health care insurance act for military members,
excluding older retirees," the court majority said.
In an emotional dissent four judges sided with the veterans.
"If Congress can appropriate billions for this aspect of national
defense and not know how it is accounted for, then God save the
Republic. Of course Congress knew; of course the service secretaries
authorized promises in return for service; of course these military
officers served until retirement in reliance, and of course there
is a moral obligation to these men," read the dissent.
Mongolia: Projects in the Social Sector
JOBS- Consultants, Social Sector Projects, Mongolia
Expressions of interest are invited from qualified consultants
multilateral funded project in Mongolia in the social service /social
protection sector. These positions are of short term nature, ranging
person months to 18 person months over a period of 3-5 years.
Social Welfare Service Specialist
Community Social Services Specialist
Social Welfare Management Specialist
Labour Market Policy Specialist
Skills Training Specialist
Employment Services Specialist
Working Conditions Specialist
Unemployment Insurance Specialist
Social Insurance (self-employed sector) Specialist
Employment Injury & Occupational Diseases Insurance Specialist
Project Management Specialist
Expression of interest and CV should be sent to:
Dr Mak Khan
Regional Manager, MUP
Tel: 61-3-9810 3216
Fax: 61-3-9810 3100
US NEWS: Senate Democrats target judicial nominee
November 18, 2002
Sen. Strom Thurmond,
R-South Carolina, is pushing for the confirmation of a judicial
nominee who once served as his aide.
WASHINGTON (AP) -- Democrats plan to take one last shot at blocking
one of President Bush's judicial nominees while they still control
the Senate, hoping to defeat the promotion of a former aide to retiring
Sen. Strom Thurmond.
The Senate set aside most of Monday to debate the appeals court
nomination of U.S. District Judge Dennis Shedd. While under its
current Democratic control, the chamber has only debated an appeals
court nominations when party leaders wanted to kill it.
A final vote will be taken on Tuesday, senators announced.
Shedd is a former assistant to the 99-year-old Thurmond, who will
retire in January. Thurmond, R-South Carolina, has asked for Shedd's
promotion to the 4th Circuit Court of Appeals in Richmond, Virginia,
before he ends his 48-year Senate career.
Democratic senators and liberal groups have criticized Shedd's ruling
as a trial judge, saying he has been insensitive in civil rights
and employment discrimination cases.
Republicans say Shedd has been a fine judge and lawyer, and should
be confirmed as a retirement favor to Thurmond, the oldest and longest
serving member of Congress.
None of Bush's judicial nominees has been voted down in the full
Senate, although two were stopped in the Judiciary Committee.
The GOP takes control of the Senate when the 108th Congress convenes
in January. Republican leaders say they will reconsider the two
appeals court nominees that the committee voted down this year.
Liberal groups were incensed Thursday when the Judiciary Committee
approved Shedd's nomination on a voice vote, the first time the
panel has done that for a Bush appeals court nominee. Democrats
control the committee 10-9, and could have killed the nomination
for the year if all Democrats had officially voted against Shedd.
But outgoing committee Chairman Patrick Leahy, D-Vermont, ruled
that Shedd's proponents won the voice vote and didn't force a recorded
The panel also approved Utah professor Michael McConnell for the
10th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in Denver by voice vote, over
objections by groups opposing his outspoken opposition to abortion.
The full Senate completed his confirmation Friday night without
debate or a roll call vote.
The actions upset liberal activist groups.
"We are very disappointed that senators who voted for Judge
Shedd were unable to put the interests of the American people, whom
they were elected to serve, over their personal affection for a
retiring colleague," said Nan Aron, president of the Alliance
Wade Henderson, executive director of the Leadership Conference
on Civil Rights, said: "Senators who voted to confirm Dennis
Shedd and Michael McConnell sent a clear signal to women, racial
minorities, workers and consumers across America that their voices
will not be heard."
The Senate has confirmed 99 of Bush's first 130 federal court nominations.
US NEWS: Alabama chief justice will appeal Ten Commandments ruling
November 19, 2002
"I have no plans to remove the monument."
Federal judge orders removal of monument from public building
MONTGOMERY, Alabama (AP) -- Alabama's chief justice vowed Tuesday
to appeal a federal judge's order that he remove a Ten Commandments
monument from the rotunda of the state's judicial building.
"I have no plans to remove the monument, and when I do I will
let you know personally," Chief Justice Roy Moore told reporters.
Also Tuesday, a federal appeals court in Cincinnati ruled that granite
monuments displaying the Ten Commandments must be removed from the
grounds of four public high schools in southern Ohio. The appeals
court panel ruled 2-1 to uphold a federal court's June decision.
Moore said he has received no order for the monument's removal,
but if he does he will appeal to higher courts. Moore's attorney,
Stephen Melchior, said earlier that Moore will ask the appellate
courts to allow the 5,300-pound granite monument to stay in the
judicial building until the appeals process is completed.
U.S. District Judge Myron Thompson ruled Monday that the monument
installed by Moore goes too far in promoting religion and ordered
it removed within 30 days.
Thompson said he does not believe all Ten Commandment displays in
government buildings are illegal, but he said the monument Moore
placed in the rotunda of the state building crosses the line "between
the permissible and the impermissible."
"Its sloping top and the religious air of the tablets unequivocally
call to mind an open Bible resting on a podium," Thompson said.
Thompson said if Moore fails to remove the monument at his own expense,
the federal court will issue an injunction forcing him to remove
||A U.S. district judge ruled that the monument
at the Alabama state Supreme Court building goes too far in
Melchior said he didn't think Thompson understood Moore's testimony
during the trial.
Thompson "uses the term 'religion' 97 times in the opinion
and the term 'religious' 50 times, but goes on to talk about how
it's dangerous to define the term 'religion.' This is very troublesome
to me. I can't imagine the appellate court buying such interesting
logic," Melchior said.
Moore testified during the trial that the commandments are the moral
foundation of American law. He said he installed the monument partly
because of his concern that the country has suffered a moral decline
over the past 50 years as a result of federal court rulings, including
those against prayer in public schools.
Opponents of the monument argued that it promoted the judge's conservative
Christian faith in violation of the Constitution's ban on government
establishment of religion.
"Justice Moore was trying to force his religious beliefs on
the people of Alabama. He turned the hall of justice into a religious
sanctuary where people drop to their knees and pray," said
Morris Dees, lead counsel and co-founder of the Southern Poverty
Law Center, which joined in a lawsuit to remove the monument.
Moore became known as the "Ten Commandments Judge" when
he fought to display a wooden plaque of the commandments on his
courtroom wall in Etowah County. He easily won election as chief
justice of the Alabama Supreme Court in 2000 and installed the monument
the next year without telling any other justices.
The monument features the King James Bible version of the Ten Commandments
sitting on top of a granite block. Around the monument are quotes
from historical figures and documents, such as the Declaration of
In Ohio, the Adams County/Ohio Valley School Board had asked to
be allowed to merely cover up the displays while it appealed a magistrate's
ruling that the monument is unconstitutional.
The school board's lawyers said moving the 3-foot tablets, which
weigh at least 800 pounds apiece, would be expensive and could damage
Appeals Judges Damon Keith and Karen Moore said, however, that the
expense or inconvenience wasn't enough to overcome the continuing
constitutional violation of having the display on public grounds.
WORLD NEWS: Chile drops Pinochet trial
1 July, 2002
Mr Pinochet was accused of covering up murders
Chile's former dictator Augusto Pinochet has had all charges against
The Supreme Court upheld a controversial verdict that found him
mentally unfit to stand trial for human rights crimes during his
The latest ruling is a defeat for rights lawyers who had exhausted
the appeals process but resorted to a little-used tactic earlier
this year to try to reopen the trial against the 86-year-old former
But the decision - by four judges to one - was widely expected.
The court ruled that General Pinochet's mental health was indeed
fragile and that proceedings against him should be permanently suspended.
Mr Pinochet can
enjoy the rest of his life free from prosecution
The court's secretary, Carlos Meneses, said: "The Supreme Court...
decided that the proceedings against General Pinochet should not
continue and, consequently, dictates a dismissal in his favour."
In May, Chilean lawyers had asked the court to annul the June 2001
ruling that Mr Pinochet could not be tried under Chilean law because
he suffered a mild form of dementia.
The former ruler was accused of covering up killings and abductions
by a military death squad after seizing power in a bloody 1973 coup.
The suspension of the trial last year was widely seen as ending
longstanding efforts at home and abroad to prosecute Mr Pinochet.
But the lawyers had alleged faulty medical exams and procedural
flaws to try to overturn the verdict.
Opponents of Mr Pinochet emphasised that he had never been declared
Prosecuting lawyer Hugo Gutierrez said: "He remains indefinitely
accused of being the author of the crime but is no longer part of
the proceedings because of being insane or demented."
Chile's population is divided sharply between those who blame Mr
Pinochet for widespread abuses and those who praise him for creating
Some 3,000 people were killed or disappeared during his 1973-90
WORLD NEWS: Sick Milosevic causes new trial delay
12 November, 2002
complained about fatigue and exhaustion
The war crimes trial of Slobodan Milosevic has been adjourned for
the fifth time because of the former Yugoslav president's continuing
"The report has come from the detention unit that the accused
has said he is tired and his blood pressure is described as being
too high," residing judge Richard May told the court.
Last week there were also no hearings in the case as Mr Milosevic,
aged 61, complained of exhaustion and fatigue.
The latest adjournment comes after Mr Milosevic on Monday rejected
prosecutors' demands for him to be obliged to take a defence lawyer,
in order to speed up proceedings.
He accused the prosecution of trying to stop him speaking and vowed
to continue with his own defence.
Last week Judge May asked for the parties involved in the trial
to make suggestions that would help to ensure that the trial is
completed in reasonable time.
Judges ordered a medical report that is to focus on "the current
state of health of the accused, when he is likely to be able to
resume the trial and the prognosis as to his future fitness".
After extensive health checks earlier this year, doctors found Mr
Milosevic was facing "severe cardio-vascular risks" and
recommended shorter trial days.
The new system, designed to ease the workload the former Yugoslav
president, began with the second part of the case, focusing on Bosnia
and Croatia, started on 25 September.
Correspondents say Mr Milosevic looked pale in court on Monday,
after a 10-day break.
He called the suggestion to appoint defence counsel "illegal
and absurd" and threatened to take his case to the European
Court of Justice if he was no longer allowed to defend himself.
He asked the judges to grant him provisional release, to give him
time to read 200,000 pages of documentary evidence and listen to
thousands of the prosecution's cassette tapes.
MONGOLIA NEWS: Liberty Center Announcement
Liberty Center has recieved several letters from our subscribers that
they did not recieve Liberty Center's second alert of November 13,
2002. For some unknown for us technical reason it seemed that our
alerts issued by 1p.m. of November 13 did not reach many readers after
they recieved the first one issued by 6a.m. of November 13, 2002.
Therefore, I would like to let you know that we issued the following
alerts on the Farmer's demonstration case:
1. November 4, 2002- MONGOLIA: First Mass Demonstration For Private
Land Is Going To Be Held Despite Numerous Obstacles
2. November 13, 2002. 6a.m. - MONGOLIA: Police Took Midnight Action
Against Demonstrators - More than 50 Arrested , 45 Blocked in Different
Buildings, and 30 tractors have been seized
3. November 13, 2002. 1p.m. - UPDATE: Police Took Midnight Action
Against Demonstrators: Who Were Arrested?
4. Novermber 15, 2002 - UPDATE: Demand For National TV To Show The
Truth On Mass Arrest Increases
In our alert of Novermber 13, 1p.m. we informed you that arrested
people were released between 9.30- 11.30 a.m. of the same day in different
places and journailsts played an active role in freeing politicians
and activists. Also we gave more presice information on numbers of
arrested people and even gave names and contact numbers of some people
who were arrested.
As the alert did not reach some of you, you might have had doublt
in reliability of our information for some time. This is to affirm
you that Liberty Center tried its best to inform you with the most
urgent and reliable information on human rights situation in Mongolia.
We are apologizing once more that our website which is containing
all our alerts still does not work for the third week out of technical
problem occured at the Mongolian Foundation for Open Society- our
donor and provider organization.
For more first-hand information please contact the following individuals
who were arrested or who witnessed the police action of November 13
1. Was under house arrest: Mr.Gonchigdorj - 976-99112703,
2. Was under detention center arrest and was denied to have medical
assistant when ambulance came according to his call: Mr.Sukhbaatar
3. Was not able to enter to occupied Party buiilding and was an owner
of another occupied building "Lucky Center"- Mr. Gundalai
4. Was arrested while performing her journalistic duty- Ms.Uyanga
Liberty Center, NGO
Tel: 976-99175324, 976-11-320753
e.mail: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org
MONGOLIA NEWS: Demand For National TV To Show The Truth On Mass
|UGRENT ALERT- URGENT NEWS- URGENT ALERT
By Liberty Center, an NGO, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
Date: November 15, 2002
UPDATE: Demand For National TV To Show The Truth On Mass Arrest
Yesterday, Mr.Narantsatsralt, MP and the Vice Chairman of the Democratic
Party of Mongolia has protested at the Parliamentary Hearing and
presented the Statement of the Democratic Party on recent mass arrest
of Sukhbaatar square. The Democratic Party, as a victim of the midnight
arrest and occupation protested that the national TV showed the
incident in a false way. It was one of numerous protests occurred
during last days against the violation of human rights by the Government.
All Parliamentary parties except the ruling MPRP have issued their
statements of protest and strongly criticized the Government for
its using force against demonstrators. There were at least nine
press conferences in two days organized by Human rights NGOs, arrested
people, political parities as well as Police and tractor operators.
What did National TV show?
The November 13th evening news of the national TV - the only media
aired all over the country informed about the Mass arrest mostly
showing extensively and using quotations of the Police officials
and the Vice Ministry of Justice and Internal Affairs. There was
only 1-2 seconds given to the press conference of arrested people.
"According to the police officials there was no ground to information
about so called mass arrest" informed the National TV. "And
Mr.Munkh-Orgil, the vice Minister of Justice and Internal Affairs
informed that there was no blocking of the Democratic Party headquarter"
These two statements were supported by the Police's and the Ministry's
Press conference interviews as well as by some interviews taken
from citizens "randomly". However the National TV did
not have any interview from any tractor operators, demonstrators
as well as those who were arrested at the Sukhbaatar square.
After watching the evening news, 21 tractor operators expressed
their frustration when the Liberty Center's representative visited
them to hand donation conveyed by Mr.Zolbayar, Ulaanbaatar resident.
"When we were at home we felt and knew that the National TV
shows somehow false or biased information. But we never imagined
that they just lie completely. We are shocked with today's evening
news and are eager to tell the truth to our people when we return
home" farmers said.
The next morning, 60 tractor operators walked to the center of the
city with their slogans and pictures of tractors in their hands
and organized a press conference and expressed their thanks for
all who supported them and criticized the National TV for its outrageous
lie. Tractor operators also informed that they invited Members of
Parliament, especially those who were elected from their home provinces
to an open meeting and dispute on the Land Privatization law.
"It is a question of whether our future to be forever poor
or not. The law on land privatization will allow to own all 800.000
hectars farm land for only around 300 individuals who run bigger
farming business or who have enough money to buy those land on an
auction. Because of this we wanted to convince our MPs that this
law has become unfair and that they must to change this law. We
tried to hand our letter via the Division of Parliamentary Public
Relation but nobody received our letter. So we sent this letter
via regular post just before this press conference" said a
"Democratic Party Will Officially Join the Demonstration Since
It was a statement of the Democratic party after the headquarter
of the Party had been occupied by police. Although Police denied
the fact of their blocking and arresting democratic party leaders,
some journalists revealed the fact with photos taken in the darkness.
Some two video pictures on arresting were shown at two press conferences
held at the Democratic Party headquarter with words "WE ARE
UNDER ARREST" put during Wednesday night on its windows.
"Till now the demonstration for fair land privatization was
a mass event of people assembled freely for their economic rights.
But now we must fight for democracy, for our freedom again. There
was no force used by communists during 1990 when hundreds of thousand
Mongolians demonstrated each week for their rights and freedoms.
That time communists were poor, money-less and had no properties
themselves. Now new communists with lots of money and private property
want to establish police dictatorship over our nation" said
Mr.Gonchigdorj, former vice-President , after he released from occupation
and after he participated in releasing 49 people from detention
center #2 of Chingeltei district.
Beginning from today Democratic Party's announcement to hold a demonstration
for democracy is being spread out by media. The demonstration will
be held at 12 o'clock of Tuesday, November 19, 2002 at the Party
building which was occupied last Wednesday.
When Did Mongolian Government Use Force Against the Demonstrators?
Till 3a.m. of November 13, 2002 the Mongolian Government never used
force against the demonstrations. This fact was one of national
pride of the country. Every citizen of democratic Mongolia could
say proudly that his/her Government NEVER used force against their
rights to speak and to demonstrate. Mongolia was a unique country
where democracy came without any drop of blood or any piece of broken
window even though mass demonstrations occurred almost every week
in -20-30 degrees during December 1989- May 1990. Only those series
of winter-spring mass demonstrations and hunger strikes brought
democracy in 1990.
"This is something terrible and unbelievable. Mongolians never
imagined that Government would use force against people. Even hardest
communists of 1990 managed to deny from using police force against
people" said Otgonbyar, Ulaanbaatar's resident.
Reactions against rulers' turning national pride into national shame
are appearing in many interviews appeared last days. "We have
a national tradition not to disturb even our herds during darkness"
expresses Mr.Elbegdorj, the President of Liberty Center, in his
interview to Udriin Sonin.
Sukhbaatar Square is Closed for Free Speech.
Liberty Center, along with CEDAW Watch Network Center and Center
"Progress" organized a press conference concerning breaches
of liberty and rights occurred at Sukhbaatar square. During the
press conference the question raised about the Law on Demonstration
amended in 1994. The Law on Demonstration prohibits people to demonstrate
at the main square of the Capital city which, according to above
mentioned NGOs, is the violation of our Constitution and rude restriction
of basic liberties.
Liberty Center expresses its deep concern about the fact that the
Sukhbaatar square is closed for demonstrations i.e. for free speech
only. This square is open for any kind of other mass events except
demonstration. New year celebrities, Ice city buildings, Holiday
markets and shows, Naadam mass entertainments, Musical presentations,
sports events, business exhibitions etc. are all allowed to be organized
at the square freely. Accordingly all necessary vehicles, equipment
and constructions (some are much heavier than wheel tractors) are
allowed to be located at the square. Technically, Sukhbaatar square
seem to be capable to carry heavy machines as tanks and other heavy
military techniques used to participate in parades of communist
celebrations for many years.
Liberty Center keeps watching the consequent event and media coverage
every day and our next update on the case will be followed soon.
EVENT- Film Screening, "Join Me In Shambhala," a documentary
about Buddhism in Buryatia
Washington DC, Visions Cinema, November 26, 2002.
"Join Me in Shambhala" (Buryatia, Russia, 2001, director:
Synopsis: Once brutally persecuted under the Soviet regime, Buddhism
is re-emerging in
Southern Siberia. But with a past where lamas were killed in prisons
and temples burned to ashes, there are few masters left to pass
on the tradition. Whether or not this faith survives depends on
an incarnate Tibetan lama, scholar and meditational master who travels
around remote villages to re-awaken Buddhism. The director, a visual
anthropologist, who spent last fieldwork season in Buryatia will
be present for question & answer session following the film.
Program runs approximately 2 hrs. The film will be screened with
films by local filmmakers.
Tickets ($6.50) can be purchased in advance in person at:
1927 Florida Ave. NW @ 20th St. (metro: Dupont)
For directions and ticket info:
Telephone: (202) 667-0090
US NEWS: House detention ends for former Sotheby's CEO
|http://www.cnn.com. November 9, 2002
NEW YORK (AP) -- Former Sotheby's chief executive Diana "DeDe"
Brooks completed her six-month term of home detention for her role
in a price-fixing scheme with rival auction house Christie's.
Brooks, the first woman to head a major auction house and for years
one of the most powerful figures in the art world, returned the
electronic monitoring device she wore around her ankle to a federal
court on Friday.
She had been sentenced in April to home detention and ordered to
pay a $350,000 fine, serve three years probation and work 1,000
hours of community service.
Brooks pleaded guilty in October 2000 to conspiring to fix commission
prices and fees with Christie's, then served as the government's
star witness in the trial that led to the conviction of her boss,
former Sotheby's Chairman A. Alfred Taubman.
Taubman was sentenced to a year in prison and fined $7.5 million
for his part in the scam, which inflated the commissions that antique
dealers and other sellers paid for nearly a decade. From 1993 until
2000, Sotheby's made more than $225 million from sellers' commissions,
according to court documents.
Jason Bellini: Families split on Libya's offer
CCN.COM November 9, 2002
NEWARK, New Jersey (CNN) -- Family members of the people killed
when Pan AM Flight 103 was blown up over Lockerbie, Scotland, in
1988 were meeting Saturday to discuss a settlement proposed by the
CNN's Jason Bellini was in New Jersey and reported on the complex
proposal and the reaction of the families.
BELLINI: This is going to be the very first meeting of the families
to discuss this proposal. These are the families of the 270 victims
of Pan Am Flight 103 -- 189 of them were American, another 11 people
died on the ground in Lockerbie, Scotland.
Not all of them are comfortable with this deal. There are controversial
elements to it because Libya, the United States and the United Nations
would be required to do certain things before the families receive
their money, these $10 million for each family.
They get their money in several stages. First, Libya would admit
to its responsibility for the bombing, something it has not yet
done. Then, before they would get some of the money, the United
Nations would have to lift sanctions against Libya. Then the United
States would have to lift sanctions, then they would get more money.
They would get the rest after the United States took Libya off of
its list of terrorist countries, something Libya desperately wants
as [Libyans] want to regain credibility within the international
community and be able to make better trade deals, especially deals
relating to oil.
Other family members feel better about this deal, saying they think
that Libya is now ready to put an end to this and reach this financial
settlement. We spoke with Bert Ammerman, whose brother died on Pan
Am Flight 103.
AMMERMAN: In my years of experience you never know what Libya is
going to do. They get up to a point and then they pull out again,
but what is interesting about this is that the family attorneys
have negotiated a settlement with representatives from the Libyan
Central Committee and I firmly believe both countries would like
to have this eliminated as quickly as possible so they can start
selling oil and they can start working with Libya again. So there
is some seriousness to it, now the families have to make a decision.
BELLINI: U.S. State Department sources tell CNN that they are very
skeptical that this deal is really going to happen. They do not
think that Libya is going to admit to this bombing. Its something
they have not done since 1988, and that would certainly have to
happen for this deal to go forward.